Papers of Chris Mullin MP

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Papers of Labour politician and MP Christopher John Mullin, recording his political life and career.

The collection contains the following: Files relating to his work as an independant journalist and as editor of the Socialist weekly, Tribune [U DMP/1]; Files relating to his work as an author of fiction and non-fiction [U DPM/2]; Files relating to his work on various committees including the Home Affairs Select Committee, the Security and Intelligence Services Committee, the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice and the Standards and Privileges Committee [U DPM/3]; Files relating to his work as a government minister in the Department of Environment, Transport and Regions, the Department for International Development, and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office [U DPM/4]; Files relating to his work as a campaigner in the area of miscarriages of justice, with particular reference to the Birmingham Six, Guildford Four, Carl Bridgwater and Judith Ward cases [U DMU/5]; Files relating to his parliamentary work [U DMU/6]; Files relating to his selection, reselection and election for various constituencies [U DMU/7].

Files within the collection have been compiled by Mullin as subject files and usually contain a mix of correspondence, articles, press cuttings, photographs, notes, printed material, reports, audio and video recordings etc.

Administrative / Biographical History

Early Years, Education and Journalism

Christopher John Mullin was born in Chelmsford, Essex, on the 12 December 1947 to father Leslie Raeburn Mullin and mother Teresa (nee Foley). He had three siblings: Patricia (b.1955); David (b.1953); and Elizabeth (b.1949). He attended St Joseph's RC School in Ipswich, then an independent boarding school for boys. He studied Law at the University of Hull where he became interested in journalism, contributing to and editing the student publication Torchlight.

After graduation, Mullin began working as a self-employed journalist. During the 1970s and 1980s his interests lay in Asia. He travelled to Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Laos, India and Thailand. He participated in tours to Vietnam and Laos in 1980 and 1981 as a tour leader, which tours were arranged under a Daily Mirror scheme. He wrote for various British and international papers and was a correspondent for Gemini News Service during the 1970s and for the BBC World Service in the period 1974-1978. Having been a regular contributor to the socialist weekly paper, the Tribune, Mullin was appointed editor 1982 and served in this capacity until 1984. Throughout his political career Mullin continued to contribute articles and letters to various newspapers and campaigned for a media free from the influence of media conglomerates.

Writing and Authorship

In the late 1970s Mullin was asked by Tony Benn to edit Benn's books, 'Arguments for Socialism' and 'Arguments for Democracy'. However, Mullin was also an author in his own right. His works include 'Error of Judgement', 'A Very British Coup', 'Year of the Fire Monkey', 'The Last Man Out of Saigon', and an unpublished work (titled variously as 'The Manifesto of an Extremist' and 'A Plain Man's Guide to the Decline of Britain').

He has also written and published a series of political diaries under the titles A View From the Foothills (2009), Decline & Fall: Diaries 2005-2010 (2010) and A Walk-On Part: Diaries 1994-1999 (2011). In 2016 a volume of memoirs was published under the title 'Hinterland'. He was also responsible for a short pamphlet titled 'How to select and reselect your MP'. Much of his writing has received critical acclaim, he has had a number of works adapted for TV, and he was invited to be a judge of the 2011 Man Booker Prize.

His novel 'A Very British Coup' was later made into television series with a screenplay by Alan Plater, and he was able to persuade the editor of the 'World in Action' series to commission him to research programmes exploring the case of the Birmingham Six. His diaries were adapted for the stage by Michael Chaplin under the title 'A Walk on Part'.

Miscarriages of Justice Campaigning

With a background in law and an interest in criminal and social justice, Mullin became involved in investigations into a number of miscarriages of justice. He undertook journalistic research, wrote articles and lobbied on behalf of persons he believed to be victims of miscarriages of justice. Perhaps most well-known of these cases was that of the Birmingham Six in the 1970s. He also worked on behalf of the Guildford Four, the Maguire Seven and Judith Ward whose cases stretched back to the 1970s.

The Birmingham Six, Guildford Four and Judith Ward cases had been some of the first to be enacted under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (1974). This had been quickly passed in the aftermath of the Birmingham Bombings and allowed police to hold terror suspects for an unprecedented seven days without charge. Solicitor Mrs Gareth Peirce, well known as a solicitor working for the wrongly-imprisoned (including the Tipton Three), acted as solicitor to members of the Birmingham Six, the Guildford Four and Maguire Seven, and to Judith Ward. Chris Mullin worked closely on these cases, campaigning in the press and parliament. The nature of the cases he worked on have led to some accusations of pro-Republican sympathies and special interest in Irish Republicanism. However, he always stated that his real interest was justice. Later he would work on the Carl Bridgewater case of the 1990s, and he received many letters from Caribbean prisoners on the subject of human rights issues and the death penalty.

The miscarriage of justice issues surrounding many of the cases he was involved with, but particularly the Birmingham Six case, led to the establishment of the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice. As a result of the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice and amendments to the Criminal Justice and Public Order Bill 1994, the Criminal Cases Review Commission was established (1995-1996).

Committee Membership and Ministerial Career

Mullin believed strongly in the necessity of Home Affairs Select Committee work. He was a member of various select committees from 1992, and served two periods as chairman (1997-1999 and 2001-2003). He was a member of the Committee on Standards and Privileges from 2006, and was responsible for examining the conduct of various MPs. He was also a member of the House of Commons Reform Committee from 2009 in the period in which it was established.

Under the Blair-led Labour Government, Mullin was appointed to various junior ministerial positions. Between 1999 and 2001 he served in the Department for Environment, Transport & Regions having responsibility for aviation, recycling and countryside issues. From February to May 2001 he served in the Department for International Development. Finally, he served in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office as Africa Minister between 2003 and 2005. Some of his campaigning and parliamentary work continued to overlap after leaving the various departments.

Parliamentary and Constituency Work

Inspired in part by his reaction against the Vietnam War, Mullin joined the Labour Party in 1967. He first stood as a Labour candidate for North Devon in 1970 where he was unsuccessful. He then stood for Kingston-upon-Thames in 1974, Southwark-Peckham in 1981, and finally Sunderland South in 1985. He was to represent Sunderland South in Parliament from 1987 to 2010 when he chose not to stand for re-election. Within parliament, Mullin was an active campaigner on various subjects including criminal and social justice, north east shipbuilding, farm animal welfare, and media bias. He also took an interest in the plight of Cambodia, Afghanistan, Iraq and Kosovo.

Later life

Upon his retirement from political life in 2010, Mullin was engaged to teach a module on 'The Rise and Fall of New Labour' at Newcastle. In acknowledgement of his political achievements and his campaigning work in the sphere of criminal and social justice, Mullin was the recipient of various awards and honours. He received honorary degrees from the University of Hull, Newcastle University and the University of Essex 2011 following his retirement as an MP. He was appointed Chairman of the Heritage Lottery Fund North East, and served as a judge of the 2011 Man Booker Prize.

In his private life, Mullin married his wife Nguyen Thi Ngoc in April 1987, and had two daughters with her. They currently live in Northumberland.

Arrangement

U DMU/1 Journalism

U DMU/2 Writing and Authorship

U DMU/3 Committee Membership

U DMU/4 Ministerial Roles

U DMU/5 Miscarriages of Justice Campaigning

U DMU/6 Parliamentary Work

U DMU/7 Elections and Constituency Work

Conditions Governing Access

Access will be granted to any accredited reader.

Please note that there are some access restrictions on items within U DMU. The collection includes items containing personal sensitive information which are not available for public inspection for 75 years. This is in accordance with Section 1 (Principles 1, 2 and 7) of the Data Protection Act 1998. In some circumstances access may be granted for research purposes. The collection also includes audio visual material. This material is currently unavailable whilst we investigate conversion into a digital and accessible format.

If you require access to any items in this collection that are marked 'closed', please contact the University Archivist, Simon Wilson, at S.Wilson@hull.ac.uk clearly outlining your interest and timescales.

Please note: Cataloguing work on this collection was completed in August 2016 which required some recataloguing. However, previous reference numbers can be found at the end of individual descriptions. The decision to re-catalogue was taken to provide clearer descriptions and a more logical structure making the collection more accessible and easier to use, and to enable the incorporation of further accessions of material received in 2010, 2011 and 2014.

Former Title: Papers of Chris Mullin MP Relating to Miscarriages of Justice, 1974-2002

Former Arrangement:

U DX185/1 Birmingham Six

U DX185/2 Guildford Four and Maguire Seven

U DX185/3 Carl Bridgewater

U DX185/4 Judith Ward

Conditions Governing Use

Chris Mullin

Custodial History

Deposited by Christopher John Mullin in multiple accessions: 2004; 2010, 2011; 2014

Related Material

Papers relating to HASC can also be found in:

Volume. Evidence by the ACPO to the Home Affairs Select Committee on Complaints Against the Police [U DPO/11/1/47]

Booklet. Practical Police Co-operation in the EU Community - Written Evidence to the Home Affairs Select Committee [U DPO/11/2/22]

File. Freemasonry in the Police, 1995-1998 [U DPO/4/1/6/16]

Home Affairs Select Committee Enquiry into Domestic Violence. Parity Submission. Dewar Research Submission [U DPY/4/9/2]

Papers relating to the Tribune can also be found in:

Subject file. Tribune [U DMW/1445]

Letter re Tribune from Stevie Smith to Daniel George [U DP156/2]

Letter Michael Foot as editor of Tribune [U DPB/15/1/4]

Subject File: Tribune [U DPM/1/34]

Correspondence with Douglas Hill, Literary Editor, Tribune [U DSG/1/18/1]

File including correspondence with Tribune [U DTO/6/51]

File. 'Tribune and Union Voice articles- correspondence and Labour Worker and The Week' [U DTO/7/5]

Letter re editorship of Tribune [U DWH/3/18]

Photocopy of Article 'Franklin Thomasson and the Tribune' [U DX163/2]

Papers relating to miscarriages of justice can also be found in:

Papers of Christopher Price MP [U DMP];

Papers of Liberty [U DCL];

File containing photographs of members of the Birmingham Six, Judith Ward, 'Free the Bridgewater Four campaign' and Chris Mullin [U DCL/1046]