The collection comprises of press cuttings, crew agreement and reports regarding the expedition.
Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition [Weddell Sea Party]
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 15 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, [Weddell Sea Party] 1914-1916
- Dates of Creation1914-1916
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, [Weddell Sea Party] 1914-1916 (leader Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton) set out to cross the Antarctic continent. When Endurance was beset this goal was abandoned. The ship drifted for ten months before being crushed in the pack ice of the Weddell Sea and sinking in 1915. The entire company (28 men) spent five months on the ice before escaping in the three lifeboats to Elephant Island, South Shetland Islands. Two of the lifeboats were made into a shelter for the company while Shackleton, Thomas Crean, Frank Worsley, Timothy McCarthy, Harold McNish and John Vincent sailed 1450Km to South Georgia in the James Caird. Arriving at South Georgia Shackleton, Crean and Worsley made the first major trek across the island to the whaling station at Stromness. The steam tug Yelcho rescued the men on Elephant island in August 1916.
Expedition members, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (Leader), William Bakewell (Able Seaman), Perce Blackborow (Steward, Stowaway), Alfred Cheetham (3rd Officer), Robert Selbie Clark (Biologist), Thomas Crean (2nd Officer), Charles J Green (Cook), Lionel Greenstreet (1st Officer), Ernest Holness (Fireman), Walter Ernest How (Able Seaman), Hubert Hudson (Navigator), James Francis [Frank] Hurley (Photographer), Dr Leonard Duncan Albert Hussey (Meteorologist), Reginald William James (Physicist), A J Kerr (2nd Engineer), Timothy McCarthy (Able Seaman), Thomas McLeod (Able Seaman), Dr James A Mcilroy (Surgeon), Dr Alexander Hepburne Macklin (Surgeon), Henry [Harry] McNish (Carpenter), George E Marston (Artist), Thomas Hans Orde-Lees (Motor Expert), Louis Rickinson (1st Engineer), William Stevenson (Fireman), John Vincent (Able Seaman), John Robert Francis [Frank] Wild (2nd In Command), James Mann Wordie (Geologist), Frank Worsley (Captain)
The collection is arranged chronologically.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034 and South by Ernest Henry Shackleton, 1919 SPRI Library (7)91(08)[1907-1909]
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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Further accessions possible.
South by Ernest Henry Shackleton recounts the expedition, copies are available at the Institutes Library (7)91(08)[1914-1916]