County Roads Board, Records

Scope and Content

Minutes, accounts and papers of the County Roads Board and its three districts. The Board also inherited records of the turnpike trusts which it succeeded so that the collection includes minutes and papers of some of the trusts.

Administrative / Biographical History

The County Roads Board was established in 1845 under Act of Parliament 7 & 8 Vict. c.91 to take responsibility for the turnpike trusts following the Rebecca riots. It continued to operate most of the roads as toll roads but there was an additional contribution from the county rate. The Board was composed of between six and twelve justices of the peace together with certain ex officio members including the chairman of Quarter Sessions, eldest sons of peers residing in the county, and members of parliament in the county. The county was divided into three districts Western (for Swansea, Neath and Llangyfelach hundreds), Eastern (for Newcastle, Ogmore, Cowbridge – except Llanharan, Dinas Powys, and Cibwr/Kibbor hundreds, with Whitchurch parish) and Northern (for the remainder of the county). Each had a full-time paid surveyor. The Board was assisted by a Government Engineer, and a General Superintendent of County Roads in south Wales was appointed by the Home Secretary. The powers and functions of the County Roads Board passed to Glamorgan County Council in 1889.

Access Information

No restrictions

Archivist's Note

Compiled by [INSERT NAME] for Glamorgan Archives, with reference to [NAME ANY PUBLICATIONS USED].

Related Material

CL.MS 2.1084 Minutes of County Roads Board, 1876-1879

Q/A/T/1 Annual returns of turnpike trusts, 1820

CL.MS 3.148 blank tickets for all gates on Glamorgan turnpikes, c.1889

CL.MS 4.811 Papers relating to turnpike trusts and County Roads Board, 1804-1883

CL.MS 3.643 Draft for counsel's opinion as to power of the turnpike trusts to enforce or remit tolls

Records for individual turnpike trusts:

CL.MS 4.745 Abernant and Rhyd-y-blew accounts, 1829-1830, 1833-1934

CL.MS 4.711 Bridgend mortgage book, 1829-1843

CL.MS 4.254 Cardiff account of securities, 1764-1844

CL.MS 3.601 Cardiff minutes, 1837-1844

CL.MS 4.759 Ely New Branch Road accounts, 1831-1838

CL.MS 4.701 Ely New Branch Road accounts, 1839-1845

CL.MS 4.700 Leckwith and Dinas Powis Road accounts, 1839-1845

CL.MS 4.699 North Road accounts, 1837-1838

CL.MS 4.698 North Road accounts, 1839-1845

CL.MS 4.744 Merthyr Tydfil accounts, 1829-1841

CL.MS 4.710 Neath minutes, 1827-1845

CL.MS 3.640 Swansea and Glamorgan County Roads Board

CL.MS 1.606 Wych Tree Bridge

CL.MS 4.443 Breconshire accounts, 1827-1830

CL.MS 4.758 Llandaf and Llantrisant Road accounts, 1831-1838

CL.MS 4.705 Llandaff and Llantrisant Road accounts, 1839-1845

Gwent Archives, Ebbw Vale

D2570.14.1 Llantrisant Turnpike Trust minutes book, 1812-1815

National Museum of Wales, Cardiff Library

Cardiff Turnpike Trust minutes book, 1805-1817 (accession 11033) see Morgannwg 1993, pp.101-2