Photocopy of election leaflet for black township of Jabavu, Soweto, South Africa, [1950s].
Jabavu Township Election Leaflet
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 101 ICS 128
- Dates of Creation[1950s]
- Name of Creator
- Physical Description1 item
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Jabavu is one of the townships making up the modern Soweto. The discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886 caused an influx of thousands of people to the area, including black job-seekers. This growing population had to be housed. The townships of Kliptown, Sophiatown, and Western Native Township were established in and around Johannesburg for black and so-called Coloured people. The Native Urban Areas Act (1923) decreed that local councils had to provide housing for black people living in their areas. This led to the development of the larger townships of Klipspruit and Western and Eastern Townships closer to Johannesburg from 1927 to 1930. Demand for space and housing grew, prompting the Johannesburg Council to purchase land at Klipspruit on which Orlando East was established in 1930, the first township making up modern day Soweto.
The coming to power of the Nationalist Party in 1948 and the Group Areas Act of 1950 led to further racial segregation, controls on settlers, and separate development. During the 1950's, black people living in and around Johannesburg were forced to move to newly laid-out townships southwest of the city--Mofolo South, Moroka North, Jabavu, Molapo, and Moletsane.
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The source of acquisition by ICS is not known
Other Finding Aids
Compiled by Alan Kucia as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project.
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