The Papers of Montague Rhodes James

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

This collection contains the autograph manuscript work of MRJ, printed versions of his published and unpublished printed short stories, correspondence, College material, photographs and miscellany.

Administrative / Biographical History

Montague Rhodes James (1862-1936) was born on 1 August, the son of Rev. H. James, rector of Livermere, Suffolk. He was educated at Temple Grove School and then at Eton, coming up to King's in 1882 as an Eton Scholar. He studied Classics under Sir Charles Walston, and through this connection became assistant director of the Fitzwilliam Museum in 1886 (he was later Director, between 1893 and 1908). He was elected to a Fellowship at King's in 1887 and at different times took on the posts of Dean, Divinity Lecturer, Tutor and (from 1905) Provost. His interests lay in manuscripts and apocryphal writings, many of which he edited for publication. He catalogued the manuscripts held in the Fitzwilliam Museum and in several College Libraries, cathedral libraries and private collections. In addition to his reputation as a scholar, M. R. James was famed for his ghost stories, originally told to the King's choir-boys. In 1918 he returned to Eton, called by the Crown to be the new Provost. He died in June 1936.

For further biographical information see:

- James, M. R. 'Eton and Kings'(Williams & Norgate, 1926);

- Cox, M. 'M.R. James: An Informal Portrait' (Oxford University Press, 1983)

- 'Montague Rhodes James - Praepositus necnon amicus', reprints of his obituary notice from 'The Times', 13 June 1936; 'The Provost of Eton' from 'The Cambridge Review' by JHC; and 'In Memoriam, M. R. J.' from 'The Eton College Chronicle' by A. B. R., printed privately for the College at Cambrige University Press, 1936.

Conditions Governing Access

These papers are available for consultation at King's College, Cambridge, four days a week most of the year, by appointment only. For further details or to make an appointment please email archivist@kings.cam.ac.uk

Acquisition Information

All the material in this collection, unless otherwise stated in the handlist, were selected from James's papers by the Librarian, A. N. L. Munby, in November 1947, at the request of James's executors; by whom they were then presented to the College Library.

Other material has been added from the Keynes Bequest and from the gift of Sir Shane Leslie; the former material was purchased at Sotheby's, and the latter was given to Sir Shane Leslie by Jane McBryde, and later, in accordance with her wishes, presented by him to the College Library.

The collection here catalogued was formerly divided into four boxes in the Miscellneous Collection of the Modern Archives as follows:

Old Section A: Misc 32; Old Sections B, C and D: Misc. 33; the MacBryde correspondence: Misc. 33A; the Dippersmoor Archive (Sir Shane Leslie's gift): Misc. 57A.

Related Material

Other James material may be found in the Miscellaneous papers. Printed books on the apocrypha and biblical scholarship bequeathed to the College by James can be located through the main library catalogue. The catalogue made by Richard Pfaff of the contents of the ten boxes of pamphlets, predominantly on the same subject as the books, is available in the printed copy of this catalogue in the Archive Centre reading room.