Borough of Kenfig Records

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Records of the Borough of Kenfig, [c. 1396]-1998, includes: charters and transcripts, [c. 1396]-1886; ordinances of the town, 1550-1800; survey, [1661]; minutes of the various courts, suit rolls, account books, 1742-1886; admissions of burgesses, 1774-1837; and records of Kenfig Corporation Property and Kenfig Corporation Trust, 1923-1998.

Administrative / Biographical History

The Borough of Kenfig (Glamorgan) was founded in the early 12th century; the earliest surviving charter dates to c. 1396. The borough suffered from the encroachment of sand dunes, and was forced to move to Pyle in 1471. The borough ahd several courts. The Court Leet and View of Frankpledge was held bi-annually in May and October, with responsibility for the administration of justice in the borough and the election of officials. The Court Baron and Court of Pleas were held monthly before the portreeve. The courts fell into decay with the rise of county courts. Before the Reform Act 1832, Kenfig Borough joined the boroughs of Cardiff, Cowbridge, Llantrisant, Aberavon, Neath, Swansea and Loughor to send a member to parliament. Subsequently, the Borough formed part of the Swansea parliamentary district, and later the Aberavon district. The ancient borough virtually came to an end when its corporation was dissolved in 1886 as a result of the Municipal Corporations Act 1883. The Charity Commissioners empowered to deal with its affairs set up the Kenfig Corporation Property, formed of a committee of twelve people (including representatives from local authorities) charged with the administration of the Borough property. Under a new scheme of management issued by the Charity Commissioners in 1998 the Kenfig Corporation Property was renamed the Kenfig Corporation Trust.

Arrangement

Arranged by type and date.

Conditions Governing Access

Public records

Items containing information on named individuals may be closed in accordance with the Data Protection Act and Record Office policy. Photocopies of the Borough of Kenfig charters will be consulted by searchers instead of the originals which are in a fragile condition. Access to BK/181 is restricted.

Acquisition Information

Part transferred from the National Library of Wales, 1964; part deposited at later dates.

Note

Compiled by Hayden Burns for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Glamorgan Record Office, Catalogue of records for the Borough of Kenfig; Weinbaum, M. British Borough Charters, (Cambridge, 1943); and Soulsby, I. The Towns of Medieval Wales, (Chichester, 1983).

Other Finding Aids

A detailed catalogue is available online.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

The majority of the collection is in good condition with the exception of the charters BK/1-3 which are in poor condition.

Archivist's Note

Compiled by [INSERT NAME] for the Glamorgan Archives, with reference to [NAME ANY PUBLICATIONS USED].

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Appraisal Information

All records have been retained.

Custodial History

Items BK 1-176 were deposited in the National Library of Wales in 1944. In 1964, the trustees transferred the records to the Glamorgan Record Office.

Accruals

Accrurals are not expected.

Related Material

Further papers are Glamorgan Archives, DX906 1, Minute book of Court Leet, View of Frankpledge, Court Baron and Court of Pleas, 1817-1853.

Geographical Names