Urban History Datasets

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Study number 1742: Urban poverty in nineteenth-century Italy - Florence, Turin, Rome: Variables include: economic, demographic and institutional.

Study Number 1978: Occupation and Family in the Somerset Coalfield and St Helens, 1851: Variables include: age, birthplace, family size, family structure, child-woman ratios, occupation, family workforce, lodgers.

Study Number 2455: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929 to 1932 - ten per cent sample: Variables include information on household composition, hours worked both last week and in a full week, last week's earnings and full week's wages, weekly cost of transport to and from work, receipt of unemployment benefits, pension income, poor relief, amount of rent, and income from other sources such as subletting rooms.

Study Number 2838: Glasgow Householders, 1832 to 1911: Variables include: social structure; spatial structure; social mobility; residential segregation

Study Number 2948: Ashford, 1840 to 1870 - a socio-demographic study: The data files may be analysed separately or linked and merged to provide a means of evaluating and quantifying aspects of the lives of the people of Ashford over a period of time. The data may be of interest for a wide range of topics, for example, fertility patterns, marriage patterns, household structure and composition, migration, (during this period Ashford experienced a large influx of migrants associated with the newly built railway works), economic activities, social composition.

Study Number 2958: Valuation Rolls for Argyllshire, 1688, 1751 and 1802: The valuation rolls data were constructed primarily to scrutinize continuity and change in landownership, although the commercial re-orientation of estate management can be detected from the literal evidence of placenames and the numerical evidence of valuations.

Study number 2997: Valuation Rolls, Paisley, for the Decennial Years, 1871-1911: The valuation rolls data were constructed primarily to scrutinize continuity and change in landownership, although the commercial re-orientation of estate management can be detected from the literal evidence of placenames and the numerical evidence of valuations.

Study number 2998: Heads of Households in Bridgeton and Paisley, 1851, 1871, 1891: This dataset contains three files, one for each census. It was derived from the dataset of census information on Paisley and Bridgeton by extracting records of heads of households from the original dataset and adding a number of derived fields which condensed household information to one record per household.

Study number 2999: Bridgeton and Paisley Census, 1851, 1871 and 1891 - A Sample of Households Containing Cotton Workers: Names; addresses; age; sex; occupation; place of birth; relation to head of household, marital status. There are three files in the dataset. These contain information on household structure with the details of each person in the household held as a separate record.

Study number 3013: Viana do Castelo, Minho, Portugal, 1826 to 1931: Names, occupations, age, and places of birth of population.

Study number 3122: European State Finance Database - Nuremberg City Finances, 1431-1794; and Study number 3124, European State Finance Database - Revenues and expenditure of Swiss towns, 16th and 17th centuries: The files in dataset study number 3122 relate to the datafiles held in the Leicester database in the directory /korner/*.* File Information g122nud1.* Expenditure of the city of Nuremburg, 1431-1551, and g122nud2.* Expenditure of the city of Nuremburg, 1617-1794. The files in the dataset study number 3124 relate to the datafiles in the Leicester database held in the directory /korner/*.*. File Information: g124sid1.* Ordinary revenues of the Swiss towns, 1501-1611; g124sid2.* Growth of public debts and loans of nine Swiss towns, 1501-1611; g124sid3.* Growth of interests on loans&life rents at Bale, 1501-1611; g124sid4.* Revenue to the state of Luzern from wine, 1421-1798; g124sid5.* Revenue.

Study number 3302: Wages and prices in Scotland, c. 1580 to 1780: The focus of data collection was on long-term wage and price series for the period 1580-1780, although many of the series obtained extend before or after these dates. The price series collected invariably refer to agricultural commodities or products derived from them (such as ale and bread), whilst the wage series are of labourers and craftsmen (generally masons and wrights). The topics cover: Prices: animal and meat prices; animal-derived commodity prices (ie butter, milk, eggs); burgh price regulation; fiars prices; monthly market prices; grain prices; grain-derived prices (ie ale, wheat, bread). Wages: agricultural servants' wages; craftsmen's wages; labourers' wages.

Study number 3318: Feeding the City II - Demesne Agriculture in the London Region, 1375-1400: Manor name, period covered by the account as stated and lord's name if stated; production and disposal of arable crops; livestock types and numbers including gains and losses during the accounting period; production and disposal of crop and livestock products (malt, wood, hay, wool, hides, dairy produce); sales of agrarian products (including pasture, pannage, farms of animals); purchase of agrarian products; carriage of agrarian products; vehicle types; costs of threshing grains.

Study number 3443: Directories Database, 1772-1787: The main topics covered by these data are: occupations; status designations (eg. gentleman/esquire); urban elites; urban society; directories as a source. Main Variables include: surname; first name; address; coded occupation; gender; social status.

Study number 3497: Metropolitan London in the 1690s - Four Shillings in the Pound Aid, 1693-1694 - For the City of London, the City of Westminster, and Metropolitan Middlesex: Location; title of householder; first name; last name; property type; assessed tax on rent; assessed tax on stock; landlord; occupation; miscellaneous information.

Study number 3527: Medieval Title Deeds for the City of York, 1080-1530: Medieval urban history, covering: land use, property ownership and occupation, conveyancing procedures, social and occupational structures, biographical information, place names and building terminology.

Study number 3583: Database of Irish Historical Statistics - Housing, 1821-1911: The main tables are: 

  • Total number of houses, classified as either inhabited houses, uninhabited houses or houses under construction grouped by baronies (1821-1831, 1871-1881)
  • Total number of houses, classified as either first class inhabited houses, second class inhabited houses, third class inhabited houses, fourth class inhabited houses, uninhabited houses, or houses under construction grouped by baronies (1841-1861)
  • Total number of houses, classified as either inhabited houses, uninhabited houses or houses under construction grouped by electoral divisions. Also includes the area and valuation of each electoral division (1841-1861)
  • Total number of houses, classified as either inhabited houses, uninhabited houses or houses under construction grouped by poor law unions. Also includes the area and valuation of each poor law union (1841-1911)

Study number 3644: Political Power in Boston, Massachusetts and Charleston, South Carolina, 1828-1843: Variables in the dataset include the names of indivduals; their gender; marital status; occupation; residence; location of business; birth and death dates; place of birth and nationality; political affiliation; church membership; fire and militia company association; professional, religious and/or philanthropic interests; business and corporate affiliations; property holdings; educational experiences; political offices served.

Study number 3679: Dyffryn Clywd Court Roll Database, 1294 to 1422: The dataset consists of a English language calendar of the medieval Latin court rolls. Each court roll is held as a separate file and each entry within the roll is generally held as a separate record within the file. The variables in the main calendar include: manuscript class reference and membrane number; record number; name of the court; date; persons named in entry; the calendar of entry with the persons in the preceding variable identified by the letter p and a number, together with any necessary editorial comments. The main calendar excludes information about the constables, stewards or other court presidents and the total receipts from each court which is recorded in separate files. The dataset also includes two files of cumulative indexes of surnames and place-names and the User Guide includes a synonym list.

Study number 3758: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929-1931: The New Survey of London Life and Labour (NSLLL) survey was undertaken at the London School of Economics in 1929-31 to measure changes in living standards and in the scale and incidence of poverty among London's working class. It constitutes a unique source of microdata for economic and social history. One aim of the survey was to evaluate changes in working class living conditions since Charles Booth's pioneering survey of forty years earlier. The main component of the survey was a detailed household enquiry conducted mainly in the years 1929-31, during which information was collected on 28,000 households, about one in fifty of all working class households, in 38 London Boroughs. The pre-printed household record cards survive for 36 of the 38 boroughs and are held in the British Library of Economic and Political Science.

Study number 3822: Urban Hierarchy and Functions in the East Midlands in the Late Middle Ages, 1300-1550: The dataset contains information about all towns, proto-towns and commercial centres in the East Midlands in the period 1300-1550, including information about primary sources. It also includes weekly market tolls for Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, 1408-1519.

Study number 3882: Liverpool Community, 1649-1750: The topics covered by these data are: Councillors and town officers, 1649-1749; Freemen admissions, 1650-1708; Hearth tax, 1663; Hearth tax, 1664; Hearth tax, 1666; Hearth tax, 1673; Overseas Port Book, 1665; Vestry officials, 1681-1750; Apprentices indentured, 1707-50; Rate assessment for 1708; Overseas Port Book, 1709; Rate assessment, 1743; Liverpool Plantation Registers, 1743-48.

Study number 3896: Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804: The data consist of a list of names taken from the resiant lists and other sources, with personal information added from other sources. There are two main tables, one giving all the list entries and one forming them into lifecycles. The main variables in the list table include: names (original spelling); kinship links; standardised names; and places of residence. The main variables in the lifecycle table include: standardised names; gender; baptism; burial; marriages; spouses; children; parents; occupation; place of residence; and kinship links.

Study number 3908: Westminster Historical Database, 1749-1820 - Voters Social Structure and Electoral Behaviour: The right of voting in Westminster constituency lay in adult male rate paying householders, and thousands of them participated in each of the 12 elections between 1749 and 1820. The database contains individual-level data on pre-reform electoral behaviour for the constituency between 1749 and 1820, and consists of 23 two-way tables in standard relational format. Of these, 12 are electronic editions of the surviving Westminster Poll Books for the years between 1749 and 1820, enhanced through the addition of supplementary name and occupational codes. A further 9 tables are versions of selected Westminster Parish Rate Books which compliment the Poll Book tables and which, through record linkage, enable a much fuller representation to be made of Westminster's voters, their social standing and political preferences. The remaining two tables contain coding schema for names and occupations respectively.

Study number 3975: Modernity and Multi-Storey Living - Apartment Tenants in Canadian Cities, 1900-1939: Data were collected for three sample years: 1909, when only 9 of the selected buildings in Toronto, and 8 in Winnipeg, had been erected; 1914, by which date 29 of the selected Toronto buildings, and 32 in Winnipeg, had been completed; and 1930, when the full sample of 72 buildings in Toronto and 60 in Winnipeg were occupied. The databases each include a table of 'building information' recording ownership and other information pertaining to the sample buildings over the whole period, 1900-1939; a photo album of illustrations of sample buildings; three tables listing the occupiers of all apartment suites in the sample buildings in 1909, 1914 and 1930;

Study number 4101: Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics - Housing, 1801-1974: The main tables in this dataset are: 

  • Number of houses, inhabited, uninhabited (and building, 1811-1921), by county, 1801-1971
  • (a) Number of private households, by county, 1801-1901; (b) number of private households, dwellings, rooms and density of occupation, by county, 1911-1971
  • Number of rooms occupied by private households, by county, 1911-1971
  • Brick production: (a) return of duties paid on bricks, by region, 1829-1849; (b) number of bricks and amount of duty paid, by county, 1836-1846
  • Number of house plans approved, by town, South Wales, 1851-1914
  • Estimated costs of building plans passed by Urban Districts, by type of building, 1909-1939
  • Total number of houses built in inter-war years, by county, 1919-1940
  • Number of houses authorised, under construction and completed, local authority and private enterprise, 1919-1939 and 1946-1974; by county 1919-1939; by county borough 1919-1939; number of houses demolished 1947-1974
  • Decisions on planning applications, by type of development, 1962-1972
  • Houses completed, by number of bedrooms, public and (from 1963) private sectors, houses and flats, 1945-1974
  • Government financial contributions, new houses and improvement grants, 1950-1974
  • Number of conversions and improvements, approved for grant, by public and private sector, 1955-1974
  • Prices and costs, 1958-1974

Study number 4132: Thame, Oxfordshire in the Seventeenth Century: The Thame History Group has transcribed and made available a range of documents for seventeenth century Thame including wills, inventories, parish registers, hearth tax records, rentals, Civil War assessments, school accounts, lay subsidy returns, frankpledge court rolls, poor rate books, quarter session records and monumental inscriptions in the parish church. The database consists of a series of tables corresponding to the different sources used, a table holding surnames with information on spelling variations and family groupings, a table holding surnames, occupations and occupation codes, one holding status and status codes, and a table holding bibliographic information about the sources used.

Study number 4170: Parliamentary Poll Books of Sandwich, Kent, 1831-1868: This data collection consists of a transcription of the poll books for the parliamentary constituency of Sandwich, Kent for the nine general elections and four by-elections between 1831 and 1868. Each voter is identified by name, occupation and qualifying property (where appropriate and available) and details are given of the way his two votes were cast. Where the vote was split, or was a plumper vote, details are given as to which candidates were supported. Non-voters who appear on the electoral roll and not in the poll books are included, but voters enfranchised under the terms of the 1867 Act are not included. The main variables are: surname; forenames; voter type (freeman or elector); votes cast; occupation; electors' residential qualification; freemen's parish of residence.

Study number 4339: Town and Countryside in West Berkshire, c.1400-1600: There are two types of data in this study: fiscal data for west Berkshire drawn from national taxation records, and manorial data accumulated for geographical case studies.

Administrative / Biographical History

Study number 1742: Urban poverty in nineteenth-century Italy - Florence, Turin, Rome: The main purpose of the study was to investigate the nature of poverty and its demographic dimensions in Florence, Turin and Rome about the year 1810. The data were collected from petitions made by households seeking poor relief from the respective urban authorities.

Study Number 1978: Occupation and Family in the Somerset Coalfield and St Helens, 1851: To investigate how economic changes in two relatively discrete mining districts of Somerset and Lancashire may have influenced the kind of demographic changes occurring in them during the first half of the nineteenth century.

Study Number 2455: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929 to 1932 - ten per cent sample: This dataset provides information on unemployment and labour-force participation among working class residents of interwar London. It consists of a 10 per cent sample of the New Survey of London Life and Labour, plus a supplementary sample of 50 percent of the households containing at least one unemployed person. The New Survey of London Life and Labour was carried out, between 1929 and 1931, by the London School of Economics under the direction of Hubert Llewellyn Smith, and this sample was computerised between 1983 and 1986.

Study Number 2838: Glasgow Householders, 1832 to 1911: To study social and spatial structures of the industrialising city.

Study Number 2948: Ashford, 1840 to 1870 - a socio-demographic study: The Ashford study aimed to create a machine-readable database of information relating to the social and economic activities of the inhabitants of Ashford in the mid to late nineteenth century. Material has been transcribed from the census enumerator's books, civil registers of births, marriages and deaths, poll books, trade directories and Parliamentary sessional papers listings of landowners.

Study Number 2958: Valuation Rolls for Argyllshire, 1688, 1751 and 1802: A pilot investigation into 18th century landownership in the Highlands and Islands by computerised data processing of the valuation rolls of Argyllshire for the years 1688, 1751 and 1802. Argyll is the best served of Scottish shires with respect to extant records which list, describe and evaluate the estates of heritors (landowners) according to each parish and territorial division within the shire.

Study number 2997: Valuation Rolls, Paisley, for the Decennial Years, 1871-1911: The collection of data in these studies is part of a larger study on the decline of the Scottish cotton industry. The primary aim of the project was to answer questions regarding the causality and chronology of decline in the cotton industry. Since economic historians have viewed the decline of the Scottish cotton industry as a consequence of poor productivity it was decided to explore the relationship between capital and labour and in particular, the gender structure of the cotton mill.

Study number 2998: Heads of Households in Bridgeton and Paisley, 1851, 1871, 1891: The collection of data in these studies is part of a larger study on the decline of the Scottish cotton industry. The primary aim of the project was to answer questions regarding the causality and chronology of decline in the cotton industry. Since economic historians have viewed the decline of the Scottish cotton industry as a consequence of poor productivity it was decided to explore the relationship between capital and labour and in particular, the gender structure of the cotton mill.

Study number 2999: Bridgeton and Paisley Census, 1851, 1871 and 1891 - A Sample of Households Containing Cotton Workers: Drawing on the abundant records generated by the Portuguese administrative system, the project has undertaken a reconstitution of the male urban elite of Viana do Castelo for the purpose of investigating secular demographic trends.

Study number 3013: Viana do Castelo, Minho, Portugal, 1826 to 1931: Drawing on the abundant records generated by the Portuguese administrative system, the project has undertaken a reconstitution of the male urban elite of Viana do Castelo for the purpose of investigating secular demographic trends.

Study number 3122: European State Finance Database - Nuremberg City Finances, 1431-1794; and Study number 3124, European State Finance Database - Revenues and expenditure of Swiss towns, 16th and 17th centuries: The European State Finance Database (ESFD) is an international collaborative research project for the collection of data in European fiscal history. There are no geographical or chronological boundaries to the collection, although version one has concentrated on data within the period c.1200 to c.1815. The purpose of the ESFD is to establish a significant database of European financial and fiscal records. The data are drawn from the main extant sources of a number of European countries, as the evidence and the state of scholarship permit. The aim is to collect the data made available by scholars, whether drawing upon their published or unpublished archival research, or from other published material. The database will be updated from time to time as more data are made available. Scholars who wish to deposit data are encouraged to do so and are advised to contact Professor Richard Bonney at Leicester University.

Study number 3302: Wages and prices in Scotland, c. 1580 to 1780: The principal purpose of this study was to counter the long-term neglect of Scottish price history by undertaking a thorough and systematic search of the principal Scottish archives. The main focus was on agricultural commodity prices and both urban and rural wages.

Study number 3318: Feeding the City II - Demesne Agriculture in the London Region, 1375-1400: This database was collected as part of the research project Feeding the City (II): London and its Hinterland c. 1300-1400. The aims of this project were twofold. Firstly, to examine the demands for foodstuffs and fuel generated by London in the later fourteenth century and the impact these demands had on the production and distribution of agrarian products within the metropolitan region. Secondly, to compare these results with those previously generated for the early fourteenth century by the research project Feeding the City (I): London's Impact on the Agrarian Economy of Southern England 1250-1350.

Study number 3443: Directories Database, 1772-1787: This dataset is a study of urban occupations in Britain in the early Industrial Revolution, via analysis of entries in sixteen early urban directories.

Study number 3497: Metropolitan London in the 1690s - Four Shillings in the Pound Aid, 1693-1694 - For the City of London, the City of Westminster, and Metropolitan Middlesex: In the 1690s, after more than a century of rapid growth, London emerged as the largest city of Christian Europe. The Crown's heavy demands for war finance created an innovative tax regime, the local records of which provide for the first time a comprehensive picture of the social and economic geography of the English capital. Earlier taxation records omit a substantial proportion of the total number of households in London or provide only a crude indication of their relative wealth. The aim of the project was to construct a `snapshot' of London based on the surviving returns of the `aids' levied in 1693-4, which record rental values for houses and other properties, and the value of the stock in trade of many householders for the entire metropolitan area north of the Thames.

Study number 3527: Medieval Title Deeds for the City of York, 1080-1530: The purpose of the study was to provide a full summary, in English, of the contents of all known medieval title deeds for properties in the city of York.

Study number 3583: Database of Irish Historical Statistics - Housing, 1821-1911: The purpose of the project was to provide machine-readable economic and social history statistics relating to the whole of Ireland for the period 1821-1971.

Study number 3644: Political Power in Boston, Massachusetts and Charleston, South Carolina, 1828-1843: This study examined public records from two major port cities on the east coast of the United States in order to understand how urban centres functioned in antebellum America. The history, culture, and inhabitants of both cities were examined to compare the mechanisms of urban decision-making as they related to national economic and political circumstances. Demographic information was collected on a broad spectrum of individuals from both cities to gather as complete a picture as possible of those who wielded influence or power in the decisions undertaken in Boston and Charleston in response to the economic conditions of the period from 1828 to 1843.

Study number 3679: Dyffryn Clywd Court Roll Database, 1294 to 1422: The main aims of the project were: To produce and make available a database of material in the Dyffryn Clywd court rolls, in the form of a calendar in English; To carry out detailed analysis of the data processed; To investigate and apply new methods of handling and analysing large quantities of medieval historical data.

Study number 3758: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929-1931: The main aims of the research project were to computerise all the surviving records of the New Survey of London Life and Labour (1929-31), and to begin economic analysis of the data obtained.

Study number 3822: Urban Hierarchy and Functions in the East Midlands in the Late Middle Ages, 1300-1550: The aims of the project were to: establish the broad pattern of the urban hierarchy in the East Midlands in the late Middle Ages; identify from a small sample of communities the principal economic, social and environmental markers for different levels within the urban hierarchy of late medieval towns; also where possible to identify demographic and economic fluctuations; identify linkages between towns and between town and countryside in the late Middle Ages; generate a new methodological framework to enable the productive application of archaeological evidence to the study of late medieval towns which will be of particular benefit to economic, social and urban historians

Study number 3882: Liverpool Community, 1649-1750: The purpose of the project was to investigate the character of Liverpool society during the first century of its rapid commercial expansion, and in particular to address the question whether its social characteristics help to explain the dynamic nature of its economic growth. The particular questions addressed include the origins of in-migrants to Liverpool, occupational structure and change, family and business networks, and the character of the governing elite and their use of power. The method was to input major sources for the history of Liverpool into computer files, to link names and compile information about Liverpool inhabitants. This allowed information to be built up about geographical origins, occupations, wealth, residential location, family and business or political networks and inter-generational continuity in the town.

Study number 3896: Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804: This study of the parish of Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, is mainly intended to contribute to the current debate about rural industry and the circumstances under which it became a full factory industry in some areas but not in others. Stonehouse is in the upper Stroudwater district, a former centre of the cloth industry. While other regions began to produce lighter fabrics, Stroudwater continued to specialise in woollen broadcloth. During the seventeenth century the whole district developed an expertise in producing coloured cloth. Factory mills were established after 1800, but by 1850 the local industry was declining in the face of competition from Yorkshire.

Study number 3908: Westminster Historical Database, 1749-1820 - Voters Social Structure and Electoral Behaviour: The main aims of the project were to: Complete and validate the Westminster Historical Database by including all extant poll book records together with selected rate book records for Westminster between 1749 and 1820; Design and execute experiments on the practice of record linkage using historical sources; Document the Westminster Historical Database and prepare a guide to its effective use; Research and publish on voting behaviour and social structure in a pre-reform mass electorate; Research and publish on the theme of continuity and change in the economy of Westminster between 1749 and 1820.

Study number 3975: Modernity and Multi-Storey Living - Apartment Tenants in Canadian Cities, 1900-1939: The focus of the research has been to investigate the role of apartment housing in the social geography of two Canadian cities - Toronto and Winnipeg - in the period 1900-1939, in the context of debates about 'spaces of modernity' in nineteenth- and twentieth-century cities. The project aimed to reconstruct just who, in practice, occupied apartment buildings in each city. Were apartment tenants in any way distinctive, with respect to gender, socio-economic status, household structure, or ethnicity, and in their residential mobility, and day-to-day journey-to-work? Were there differences among the apartment-house population, especially when categorised according to the type of building in which they lived? From the outset, a principle aim has been to provide a readily accessible computerised dataset for use by secondary analysts interested in twentieth-century urban society. For example it can be used for a social-historical analysis for heritage planners and architectural historians contemplating the listing or conservation of selected apartment buildings; and by comparing patterns of occupancy in dwellings adjacent to apartment blocks, it can be used to provide historical evidence of the social impact of apartments as non-conforming uses in areas of single-family housing. More broadly, the project aimed to explore the social construction of property relations, especially with respect to the role of rental housing in an increasingly owner-occupied housing market, and apartment housing in a society where the single-family detached dwelling was generally regarded as the most desirable form of dwelling.

Study number 4101: Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics - Housing, 1801-1974: This machine-readable version of John Williams' Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics is the result of a collaboration between the Statistical Directorate of the National Assembly for Wales, the History Data Service and the Centre for Data Digitisation and Analysis at Queen's University Belfast.

Study number 4132: Thame, Oxfordshire in the Seventeenth Century: The aim of this project was to produce a social and economic history of the town of Thame, Oxfordshire in the seventeenth century, with special emphases on the way in which local families controlled the town's economy and on the connections between agriculture and the trades of the town. A biographical dictionary is being prepared in addition to the database and this has involved some family reconstitution.

Study number 4170: Parliamentary Poll Books of Sandwich, Kent, 1831-1868: The main aim of the project was to examine the inter-relations between politics and economics in Sandwich. The intention was to trace the voting history of each voter, and to associate any changes with external circumstances (e.g. change of occupation, change of residence, etc.) and to identify patterns of change among the voters' political preferences.

Study number 4339: Town and Countryside in West Berkshire, c.1400-1600: The project was an investigation into the nature of social and economic change during the transition from the late medieval to early modern periods. This was achieved through a detailed study of urban and rural areas of western Berkshire between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. The project aimed to identify criteria with which to measure the experience of change in the late medieval economy and society. The criteria were divided into four categories: taxable wealth, population, landholding and trade. The data were collected at two levels: a regional study employing fiscal records; and studies of the town of Newbury and the rural parishes of Buckland, Kintbury, Shaw and West Hanney that utilised a variety of documentary sources.

Arrangement

Study number 1742: Urban poverty in nineteenth-century Italy - Florence, Turin, Rome: Time period: 1810-1812; Country: Italy: Geographic coverage: Florence, Rome, Turin: Observation Unit: Families and households; Groups; Kind of Data: Numeric data; individual (micro) level.

Study Number 1978: Occupation and Family in the Somerset Coalfield and St Helens, 1851: Time period: 1851; Country: England: Geographical coverage: Ashwick; Babington; Bishop Sutton; Camerton; Charlton; Chilcompton; Clandown; Clapton; Clutton; Coleford; Downside; Dunkerton; Farmborough; Farrington Gurney; Foxcote; Hallatrow; High Littleton; Holcombe; Kilmersdon; Lancashire; Midsomer Norton; Parr; Paulton; Radstock; Shoscombe; Somerset; St. Helens; Stratton on the Fosse; Sutton; Timsbury; Wellow; Welton; Windle; Writhlington; Observation unit: Families/households.

Study Number 2455: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929 to 1932 - ten per cent sample: Time period: 1929-1931; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Acton; Barking; Battersea; Bermondsey; Bethnal Green; Camberwell; Chelsea; Deptford; East Ham; Finsbury; Fulham; Greater London; Greenwich; Hackney; Hammersmith; Hampstead; Holborn; Hornsey; Islington; Kensington; Lambeth; Lewisham; Leyton; Paddington; Poplar; Shoreditch; Southwark; St. Maryleborne; St. Pancras; Stepney; Stoke Newington; Wandsworth; West Ham; Westminster; Willesden; Woolwich; Geographical unit: Local Authority Districts, London Boroughs; Observation Unit: Families/households

Study Number 2838: Glasgow Householders, 1832 to 1911: Time period: 1836 to 1911, specifically 1832, 1861, 1881, 1911; Country: Scotland; Geographical coverage: Glasgow, Lanarkshire; Observation Unit: individuals.

Study Number 2948: Ashford, 1840 to 1870 - a socio-demographic study: Time period: 1837 to 1874; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Ashford; Bethersden; Great Chart; Hothfield; Kent; Kingsnorth; Shadoxhurst; Observation unit: individuals, families and households; Kind of Data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study Number 2958: Valuation Rolls for Argyllshire, 1688, 1751 and 1802: Time period: 1688 to 1802, specifically 1688, 1751, and 1802; Country: Scotland; Geographical coverage: Argyllshire; Geographical unit: Parishes, shrival divisions; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: textual data, numeric and individual (micro) level.

Study number 2997: Valuation Rolls, Paisley, for the Decennial Years, 1871-1911: Time period: 1871 to 1911; Counctry: Scotland; Geographical coverage: Paisley; Renfrewshire; Geographical unit: Local Authority Districts, enumeration districts, Parliamentary constituencies; Observation unit: individuals; Kind of Data: textual data, numeric data, individual (micro) level.

Study number 2998: Heads of Households in Bridgeton and Paisley, 1851, 1871, 1891: Time period: 1851 to 1891; Country: Scotland; Geographical unit: Bridgeton; Paisley; Renfrewshire; Geographical unit: Local Authority Districts, Enumeration Districts, Parliamentary Constituencies; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 2999: Bridgeton and Paisley Census, 1851, 1871 and 1891 - A Sample of Households Containing Cotton Workers: Time period: 1851 to 1891; Country: Scotland; Geographical coverage: Bridgeton; Paisley; Renfrewshire; Geographical unit: Individuals; Families/households; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3013: Viana do Castelo, Minho, Portugal, 1826 to 1931: Time period: 1826 to 1931; Country: Portugal: Geographical coverage: Minho; Viana do Castelo; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Alpha/numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3122: European State Finance Database - Nuremberg City Finances, 1431-1794; and Study number 3124, European State Finance Database - Revenues and expenditure of Swiss towns, 16th and 17th centuries: Time period: 1431-1794; Country: Bavaria; Geographical coverage: Nuremberg; Observation: Economic indicators.

Study number 3302: Wages and prices in Scotland, c. 1580 to 1780: Time period: 1580 to 1780; Country: Scotland; Observation unit: prices and wages.

Study number 3318: Feeding the City II - Demesne Agriculture in the London Region, 1375-1400: Time period: 1375 to 1400; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Bedfordshire; Berkshire; Buckinghamshire; Essex; Greater London; Hertfordshire; Kent; Middlesex; Northamptonshire; Oxfordshire; Surrey; Geographical unit: counties; Kind of data:Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3443: Directories Database, 1772-1787: Time period: 1772 to 1787, including Manchester (1772); Edinburgh (1773); Liverpool (1774); London/Westminster (1774); Bristol (1775); Newcastle upon Tyne (1778); Birmingham (1780); Norwich (1783); Dublin (1784); Glasgow (1784); Portsmouth (1784); Southampton (1784); Winchester (1784); Shrewsbury (1786); Bath (1787); Sheffield (1787); Country: England,Ireland,Scotland; Geographical coverage: Bath; Birmingham; Bristol; Dublin; Dublin (County); Edinburgh; Glasgow; Gloucestershire; Greater London; Hampshire; Lanarkshire; Lancashire; Liverpool; London; Manchester; Midlothian; Newcastle upon Tyne; Norfolk; Northumberland; Norwich; Portsmouth; Sheffield; Shrewsbury; Shropshire; Somerset; Southampton; Warwickshire; Westminster; Winchester; Yorkshire West Riding; Observation unit: individuals.

Study number 3497: Metropolitan London in the 1690s - Four Shillings in the Pound Aid, 1693-1694 - For the City of London, the City of Westminster, and Metropolitan Middlesex: Time period: 1693 to 1694; Country: England; Geographical coverage: City of London; Middlesex; Westminster; Geographical unit: wards and parishes.

Study number 3527: Medieval Title Deeds for the City of York, 1080-1530: Time period: 1080 to 1530; Country: England; Geographical coverage: York; Yorkshire East Riding; Geographical unit: Parishes; Observation unit: Text units (documents/chapters/words); Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level

Study number 3583: Database of Irish Historical Statistics - Housing, 1821-1911: Time period: 1821 to 1911, decennial data; Country: Ireland,Multi-nation,Northern Ireland; Geographical unit: Baronies; Poor Law Unions; Electoral Divisions (Ireland); Observation unit: Administrative units (geographical/political); Kind of data: Numeric

Study number 3644: Political Power in Boston, Massachusetts and Charleston, South Carolina, 1828-1843: Time period: 1828 to 1843; Country: United States; Geographical coverage: Boston; Charleston; Massachusetts; South Carolina; Observation unit: individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3679: Dyffryn Clywd Court Roll Database, 1294 to 1422: Time period: 1294 to 1422; Country: Wales; Geographical coverage: Dyffryn Clwyd; Observation unit: text units (documents/chapters/words); Kind of data: Textual data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3758: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929-1931: Time period: 1929 to 1931;Country: England; Geographical coverage: Acton; Barking; Battersea; Bermondsey; Bethnal Green; Camberwell; Chelsea; Deptford; East Ham; Essex; Finsbury; Fulham; Greater London; Greenwich; Hackney; Hammersmith; Hampstead; Holborn; Hornsey; Islington; Kensington; Lambeth; Lewisham; Leyton; Middlesex; Paddington; Poplar; Shoreditch; Southwark; St. Maryleborne; St. Pancras; Stepney; Stoke Newington; Wandsworth; West Ham; Westminster; Willesden; Woolwich; Geographical unit: Local Authority Districts; London Boroughs; Observation unit: Individuals, Families/households; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3822: Urban Hierarchy and Functions in the East Midlands in the Late Middle Ages, 1300-1550: Time period: 1300 to 1550; Country: England; Geographical coverage: East Midlands; Leicestershire; Lincolnshire; Northamptonshire; Rutland; Observation unit: Administrative units (geographical/political); Kind of data: Textual data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3882: Liverpool Community, 1649-1750: Time period: 1649 to 1750, including - Councillors and town officers, 1649-174, Freemen admissions, 1650-1708, Hearth taxes 1663, 1664, 1666, 1673, Overseas Port Book, 1665, Vestry officials, 1681-1750, Apprentices indentured, 1707-50, Rate assessment for 1708, Overseas Port Book, 1709, Rate assessment, 1743, Plantation ship owners, 1743-48; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Lancashire, Liverpool; Observation unit: Individuals; Families/households, Ships and ships' voyages covered in shipping register data.

Study number 3896: Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804: Time period: 1558 to 1804; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Gloucestershire, Stonehouse; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3908: Westminster Historical Database, 1749-1820 - Voters Social Structure and Electoral Behaviour: Time period: 1749 to 1820; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Greater London and Westminster; Geographical unit: Wards; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data, Numeric data, Alpha/numeric data, Individual (micro) level.

Study number 3975: Modernity and Multi-Storey Living - Apartment Tenants in Canadian Cities, 1900-1939: Time period: 1900 to 1939; Country: Canada; Geographical coverage: Manitoba; Ontario; Toronto; Winnipeg; Observation unit: Apartment Buildings, Apartment Suite, Houses; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Image; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 4101: Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics - Housing, 1801-1974: Time period: 1801 to 1974; Country: Wales; Observation unit: administrative units, geographical and political; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data.

Study number 4132: Thame, Oxfordshire in the Seventeenth Century: Time period: 1549 to 1710, the bulk of the data is seventeenth century in provenance, but a small number of selected sources lie outside this period; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Oxfordshire, Thame; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 4170: Parliamentary Poll Books of Sandwich, Kent, 1831-1868: Time period: 1831 to 1868; Country: England; Geographical coverage: Deal, Kent, Sandwich, Walmer; Geographical unit: Parishes; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Alpha/numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Study number 4339: Town and Countryside in West Berkshire, c.1400-1600: Time period: 1327 to 1605, including West Berkshire 1327, 1334, 1381 and 1522, Buckland 1405-1600, West Hanney 1435-1605, Kintbury 1413-1600, Newbury 1396-1603, Shaw 1405-1601; Country: England; Geographical coverage: West Berkshire; Geographical unit: Parishes, Hundreds; Observation unit: Individuals; Kind of data: Textual data; Numeric data; Alpha/numeric data; Individual (micro) level.

Conditions Governing Access

By written application to the History Data Service. A letter of introduction may be required and prospective users will be obliged to sign an undertaking outlining the terms and conditions of access to the research materials.

Acquisition Information

Study number 1742: Urban poverty in nineteenth-century Italy - Florence, Turin, Rome: Woolf, S., University of Essex, Department of History; Goodman, J., University of Essex, Department of History. Sponsored by Economic and Social Research Council.

Study Number 1978: Occupation and Family in the Somerset Coalfield and St Helens, 1851: Beadle, S. Sponsored by Economic and Social Research Council.

Study Number 2455: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929 to 1932 - ten per cent sample: ICPSR; Eichengreen, B. Sponsored by: National Science Foundation (U.S.). Grant number: SES 839-8994.

Study Number 2838: Glasgow Householders, 1832 to 1911: Brown, C.G., University of Strathclyde, Department of History; Butt, J., University of Strathclyde, Department of History. Sponsored by: conomic and Social Research Council. Grant number: D00232257; R000231346; R000232733.

Study Number 2948: Ashford, 1840 to 1870 - a socio-demographic study: Drake, M., University of Kent,Centre for Research in the Social Sciences; Pearce, C., University of Kent, Centre for Research in the Social Sciences. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council.

Study Number 2958: Valuation Rolls for Argyllshire, 1688, 1751 and 1802: Macinnes, A.I., University of Glasgow, Department of Scottish History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant number: R 000 23 1710.

Study number 2997: Valuation Rolls, Paisley, for the Decennial Years, 1871-1911: Knox, W.W., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History; Thompson, M.S., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council.

Study number 2998: Heads of Households in Bridgeton and Paisley, 1851, 1871, 1891:Knox, W.W., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History; Thompson, M.S., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council.

Study number 2999: Bridgeton and Paisley Census, 1851, 1871 and 1891 - A Sample of Households Containing Cotton Workers: Knox, W.W., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History; Thompson, M.S., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History; Hampton, J., University of St Andrews, Department of Scottish History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council.

Study number 3013: Viana do Castelo, Minho, Portugal, 1826 to 1931: Doulton, D.C., University of Southampton, Computing Services; Kitts, A., University of Southampton; Colson, F., University of Southampton, Department of History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: 600428425022

Study number 3122: European State Finance Database - Nuremberg City Finances, 1431-1794: Bonney, R.J., University of Leicester, Department of History; Korner, M.H.; Smith, J.G. Sponsored by: British Academy and Economic and Social Research Council.

Study number 3124: European State Finance Database - Revenues and Expenditure of Swiss Towns, 16th and 17th centuries: Korner, M.H., Bonney, R.J., University of Leicester, Department of History; Smith, J.G. Sponsored by: British Academy and Economic and Social Research Council.

Study number 3302: Wages and prices in Scotland, c. 1580 to 1780: Gibson, A.J.S., University of Exeter, Department of Geography; Smout, C., University of St Andrews, Centre for Advanced Historical Studies. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: B00340067.

Study number 3318: Feeding the City II - Demesne Agriculture in the London Region, 1375-1400: Keene, D., University of London, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History; Campbell, B., Queen's University of Belfast, Department of Economic History; Galloway, J., University of London, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History; Murphy, M., University of London, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: R000233157.

Study number 3443: Directories Database, 1772-1787: Corfield, P.J., University of London, Royal Holloway, Department of History; Kelly, S.M., University of London, Royal Holloway, Department of History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: FOO/23/2077.

Study number 3497: Metropolitan London in the 1690s : Four Shillings in the Pound Aid, 1693-1694 - For the City of London, the City of Westminster, and Metropolitan Middlesex: Keene, D., University of London, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number:R 000 232527.

Study number 3527: Medieval Title Deeds for the City of York, 1080-1530: Jones, S. Rees, University of York, Centre for Medieval Studies. Sponsored by: Pilgrim Trust; University of York; York Archaeological Trust.

Study number 3583: Database of Irish Historical Statistics - Housing, 1821-1911: Clarkson, L.A., Queen's University of Belfast, Department of Economic and Social History; Kennedy, L., Queen's University of Belfast, Department of Economic and Social History; Crawford, E.M., Queen's University of Belfast, Department of Economic and Social History; Dowling, M.W., Queen's University of Belfast, Department of Economic and Social History. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council and Queen's University of Belfast. Grant Number: R000232051 for the period 1821-1911; R000234724 for the period 1911-1971

Study number 3644: Political Power in Boston, Massachusetts and Charleston, South Carolina, 1828-1843: ICPSR; Pease, J.H., University of Maine; Pease, W.H., University of Maine. Sponsored by: University of Maine, Faculty Research Grants; American Philosophical Society; National Endowment for the Humanities (United States); National Science Foundation (U.S.). Grant Number: RS 20093 (NEH); SES-8023796 (NSF)

Study number 3679: Dyffryn Clywd Court Roll Database, 1294 to 1422: Davies, R.R., University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Department of History and Welsh History; Smith, L.B., University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Department of History and Welsh History; Barrell, A.D.M., University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Department of History and Welsh History; Padel, O.J., University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Department of History and Welsh History; Brown, M.H., University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Department of History and Welsh History; Sponsored by:Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: R000232548 and R000234070.

Study number 3758: New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929-1931: Hatton, T.J., University of Essex, Department of Economics; Bailey, R.E., University of Essex, Department of Economics; Baines, D.E., London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History; Johnson, P.A., London School of Economics and Political Science. Department of Economic History; Raspin, A., London School of Economics and Political Science, British Library of Political and Economic Science. Sponsored by:Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: R000235697 and R000221981.

Study number 3822: Urban Hierarchy and Functions in the East Midlands in the Late Middle Ages, 1300-1550: Dyer, C., University of Birmingham, School of History; Clark, P., University of Leicester, Centre for Urban History; Grant, A., University of Leicester, Careers Service. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: R000235902.

Study number 3882: Liverpool Community, 1649-1750: Power, M., University of Liverpool, Department of Economic and Social History; Lewis, F., University of Liverpool, Department of Economic and Social History; Ascott, D., University of Liverpool, Department of Economic and Social History. Sponsored by: Leverhulme Trust.

Study number 3896: Residence and Kinship in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 1558-1804: Hudson, J., University of Bristol, Department of Historical Studies.

Study number 3908: Westminster Historical Database, 1749-1820 - Voters Social Structure and Electoral Behaviour: Harvey, C.E., University of London, Royal Holloway. School of Management; Corfield, P.J., University of London, Royal Holloway, Department of History; Green, E.M., University of London, Royal Holloway, School of Management. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council; Central Research Fund, University of London: Royal Holloway, University of London. Grant Number: R000236309 and G00428324159.

Study number 3975: Modernity and Multi-Storey Living - Apartment Tenants in Canadian Cities, 1900-1939: Dennis, R.J., University College London, Department of Geography. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: R000222067.

Study number 4101: Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics - Housing, 1801-1974: Williams, J., University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Department of Economics; National Assembly for Wales, Statistical Directorate; University of Essex, History Data Service; Queen's University of Belfast, Centre for Data Digitisation and Analysis. Sponsored by: Higher Education Funding Councils, Joint Information Systems Committee.

Study number 4132: Thame, Oxfordshire in the Seventeenth Century: Thame History Project: Bell, J.; Bretherton, D.; Cray, J.; Fickling, H.; Grof, L.; Hammond, D.; Hawkins, A.; Hodges, M.; Motla, P.; Williams, P. Sponsored by: Thame Town Council.

Study number 4170: Parliamentary Poll Books of Sandwich, Kent, 1831-1868: Andrews, F.W.G., University of London.

Study number 4339: Town and Countryside in West Berkshire, c.1400-1600: Yates, M., University of Birmingham. Sponsored by: Economic and Social Research Council. Grant Number: R000237829.

Note

This record was compiled by David Borg-Muscat, UK Data Archive.

Record entered by Nadeem Ahmad of Qualidata, UK Data Archive, University of Essex.

Other Finding Aids

A collection level record for all materials in the Urban History collection is available via the History Data Service's online Browse Collections web page.

Conditions Governing Use

No part of the History Data Service material may be reproduced, published, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the HDS.

Custodial History

At various dates depositors placed their material with the History Data Service, UK Data Archive.

Additional Information

History Data Service, UK Data Archive, University of Essex.