MCFADYEAN, Sir Andrew, 1887-1974, Knight, civil servant

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Papers of Sir Andrew McFadyean, c1891-1974], notably material concerning the Dawes Plan and other reparation negotiations of the 1920s, his connection with the Liberal Party; correspondence from his work at the Treasury (1910-1920), extensive personal and business correspondence; papers relating to rubber production and regulation and his work in North Borneo and draft trasncripts of his autobiography 'Recollected in Tranquility'.

Administrative / Biographical History

Born 1887; educated at University College School, London, and University College, Oxford University; entered Treasury, 1910, by open competition; Private Secretary to six successive Financial Secretaries, 1913-1917; accompanied Sir H. Lever to USA on special financial mission, 1917; served under John Maynard Keynes at the Treasury, 1917-1919; Treasury representative, Paris Peace Conference, 1919-1920; Secretary to British Delegation, Reparation Commission, 1920-1922; General Secretary to Reparation Commission, 1922-1924, and Secretary to the Dawes Committee, 1924; Commissioner of Controlled Revenues, Berlin, 1924-1930; Knighted, 1925; started new career in the City of London, as Chairman, 1934-1952 and Director, 1952-1967, of S.G. Warburg and Co; Member, Executive National Liberal Federation, 1933-1936; Joint Treasurer, 1936-1948, President, 1949-1950, and Vice-President, 1950-1960, Liberal Party Organisation; President, Free Trade Union, 1948-1959; Vice-President, Liberal International, 1954-1967; Vice-President, Anglo-Israel Association (Chairman of Council, 1950-1960); Member of Council, 1933-1967, and President, 1970, Royal Institute of International Affairs; Liberal candidate for the City of London, 1945 and Finchley, 1950; died 1974. Publications: translator of Born 1887; educated at University College School, London, and University College, Oxford University; entered Treasury, 1910, by open competition; Private Secretary to six successive Financial Secretaries, 1913-1917; accompanied Sir H. Lever to USA on special financial mission, 1917; served under John Maynard Keynes at the Treasury, 1917-1919; Treasury representative, Paris Peace Conference, 1919-1920; Secretary to British Delegation, Reparation Commission, 1920-1922; General Secretary to Reparation Commission, 1922-1924, and Secretary to the Dawes Committee, 1924; Commissioner of Controlled Revenues, Berlin, 1924-1930; Knighted, 1925; started new career in the City of London, as Chairman, 1934-1952 and Director, 1952-1967, of S.G. Warburg and Co; Member, Executive National Liberal Federation, 1933-1936; Joint Treasurer, 1936-1948, President, 1949-1950, and Vice-President, 1950-1960, Liberal Party Organisation; President, Free Trade Union, 1948-1959; Vice-President, Liberal International, 1954-1967; Vice-President, Anglo-Israel Association (Chairman of Council, 1950-1960); Member of Council, 1933-1967, and President, 1970, Royal Institute of International Affairs; Liberal candidate for the City of London, 1945 and Finchley, 1950; died 1974. Publications: translator of Europe must unite (Paneuropa Editions, Glarus; Plymouth printed, 1940) and The Totalitarian State against Man (Frederick Muller, London, 1938), both by Count Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi; Government and industry (Lund, Humphries and Co, London, 1944); Government intervention in industry (Lovat Dickson, London, 1935); Liberal principle and policies (Liberal Publication Department, London, 1947); Moral and political problems of economic prosperity (Liberal Publication Department, London, 1962); Recollected in Tranquillity (Pall Mall Press, London & Dunmow, 1964); Reparation Reviewed (Ernest Benn, London, 1930); The Liberal Case (Allan Wingate, London & New York, 1950).

Arrangement

The collection is divided into the following series: Series 1 - Treasury (1903-1923), Series 2 - Reparations Commission (1920-1952), Series 3 - Liberal Party (c1933-1970), Series 4 - Rubber Production (1943-1965), Series 5 - Recollected in Tranquility (c1910-1964), Series 6 - Correspondence (1920-1974), Series 7 - North Borneo (1936-1941), Series 8 - Institute of Pacific Relations (1943-1953), Series 9 - Royal Institute of International Affairs (1939-1958), Series 10 - Refugees Organisations (1933-1962). There are also a number of general files at the end of the collection and files which relate to more than one area of McFadyean's work.

Conditions Governing Access

Open

Acquisition Information

Donated in 1975. The lithographs were given by the family in 1995.

Other Finding Aids

Detailed catalogue available online and printed handlist avaiable.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Some papers are extremely fragile, particularly regarding the work of the Reparations Commission.

Archivist's Note

Sources: Who's Who 1897-1996 (A & C Black, 1996); British Library On-Line Public Access Catalogue 97; Historical Manuscripts Commission National Register of Archives. Compiled by Sarah Aitchison as part of the RSLP AIM25 project. Modified by Becky Webster May 2008.

Separated Material

Following collections are held by SOAS: Guthrie and Co with subsidiaries (GUTHRIE), British North Borneo Chartered Company (MS 283792), Sir Charles Addis (PP MS 14)

University College, Oxford University, holds an account book, 1905-1909 (Ref: UC: P28).

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright is retained by the family. Some documents may be photocopied.Apply to the Archivist in the first instance.

Appraisal Information

Duplicates have been removed. Files of receipts, correspondence regarding McFadyean's home including insurance and with his bank have also been removed McFadyean also destroyed a number of files himself, keeping only the current file. Full details are at file level descriptions.

Custodial History

Transferred to the archives after McFadyean's death.

Accruals

No further accruals are expected.

Related Material

BLPES also has the Liberal Party Papers (LIBERAL PARTY). There are papers regarding German reparations in the WISE, BUXTON, FISCHER WILLIAMS and LNU collections. Papers on the Royal Institute of International Affairs are at COLL MISC 0462, and in the SHORE and WEBSTER collections.

Geographical Names