Papers of Michael Randle (b.1933)

Scope and Content

This collection is dominated by the George Blake prosecution files and contains the following series:

Files (21) covering non violent direct action groups and activities during the 1950s and 1960s, mainly the Direct Action Committee and the Committee of 100 [Cwl MR/1]

Research projects and writings (2 files) [Cwl MR/2]. This includes the Non Violent Action Research Project, but not the Alternative Defence Commission, which is documented by a separate archive [Cwl ADC].

Conferences (5 files), 1967-1992 [Cwl MR/3]

Files (43) on the George Blake case, 1966, and prosecution of Michael Randle and Pat Pottle for their role in his escape from prison, 1989 - 1995 [Cwl MR/4]

Administrative / Biographical History

Michael Randle was born in 1933 in Worcester Park, Surrey, and spent the war years living with relatives in Ireland. He registered as a conscientious objector to military service in 1951 and was given two years alternative service on the land. He became involved in Operation Gandhi (later re-named the Non Violent Resistance Group) in early 1952 and has been active in the peace and nuclear disarmament movements ever since.

Michael was a member of the Aldermaston March Committee which organised the first Aldermaston March against British nuclear weapons at Easter 1958; chairman of the Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War, 1958-1961; secretary of the Committee of 100, 1960-1961; and a council and executive member of War Resisters’ International, 1960-1987. In 1959-1960, he spent a year in Ghana, participating in the Sahara protest team against French atomic bomb tests and helping to organise a pan-African conference in Accra. In 1962 he was sentenced, along with five other members of the Committee of 100, to 18 months’ imprisonment for his part in organising non violent direct action at a USAAF base at Wethersfield in Essex; it was while he was serving that sentence that his first son, Sean, was born. In October 1967 he was sentenced to 12 months imprisonment for participating in an occupation of the Greek Embassy in London following the military coup in April that year.

During his time in Wormwood Scrubs prison in 1962-1963, he became friends with George Blake, the British MI6 agent condemned in 1961 to 42 years imprisonment for passing information to the Soviet Union. In 1966, together with his wife Anne and Pat Pottle, he assisted Sean Bourke in planning Blake’s escape from prison. Subsequently he and Anne, with their two children, Sean and Gavin, drove Blake to East Germany concealed in the hidden compartment of a camper van. In June 1991 he and Pat Pottle stood trial at the Old Bailey for their part in the escape. They defended themselves in court, arguing that while they in no way condoned Blake’s espionage activities for either side, they were right to help him because the 42 year sentence he received was inhuman and hypocritical. Despite a virtual direction from the judge to convict, the jury found them not guilty on all counts.

Michael has taken a keen interest in developments in Eastern Europe. In 1956 he undertook a march from Vienna to Budapest with leaflets expressing support for Hungarian passive resistance to the Soviet occupation. He was prevented from entering Hungary by Austrian border guards. In 1968 he jointly co-ordinated for War Resisters’ International simultaneous international protests in Moscow, Budapest, Sofia and Warsaw against the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. In the 1970s and 1980s he collaborated with the Czech dissident Jan Kavan, then living in London, smuggling literature and equipment to the democratic opposition in Czechoslovakia.

He has a degree in English from London University (1966), and an MPhil and a PhD in Peace Studies (Bradford, 1981 and 1994). His thesis was a study of ‘Civil resistance: the origins and development of unarmed civilian resistance and its future potential’. He is the author of several books on similar themes (see Publication Note). From 1980 to 1987 he was co-ordinator of the Alternative Defence Commission, contributing to its two major publications, Defence without the Bomb (1983) and The politics of alternative defence (1987). He was visiting research fellow at the Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, from 1991 to 2007. During this period he co-ordinated the Nonviolent Action Research Project, 1994-1999, and acted as secretary of the Committee for Conflict Transformation and Support, 1994-2009. With Diana Francis he edited the CCTS Review. He has contributed articles and reviews to Peace News, New Society and The Guardian, amongst others. He is a trustee of the Commonweal Collection, an independent peace library.


The arrangement of the collection is artificial and based on the activities which Michael Randle has been involved in.

Access Information

Available to researchers, by appointment. Access to archive material is subject to preservation requirements and must also conform to the restrictions of the Data Protection Act and any other appropriate legislation.

Court records contained in Cwl MR/4 are subject to an absolute 30 year closure period (exemption 32 under the Freedom of Information Act). Papers documenting the legal work undertaken by the defence team are covered by legal professional privilege (exemption 42 under the Freedom of Information Act) but have been opened to researchers with Michael Randle’s permission. Access restrictions for individual files are given in full in the catalogue.

Acquisition Information

Donated to the Commonweal Collection by Michael Randle.

Archivist's Note

Described by Helen Roberts, June 2010

Conditions Governing Use

Copies may be supplied or produced at the discretion of Special Collections staff, subject to copyright law and the condition of the originals. Applications for permission to make published use of any material should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian in the first instance. The Library will assist where possible with identifying copyright owners, but responsibility for ensuring copyright clearance rests with the user of the material.

Appraisal Information

The size of the collection was significantly reduced by removing and destroying duplicate legal documents.


Further legal documents expected.

Related Material

Archives of the Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War [GB 0532 Cwl DAC]

Archives of the Committee of 100 collected by Derry Hannam [GB 0532 HC]

Papers of Mary Ringsleben relating to the Committee of 100 [GB 0532 Cwl MRL]

Archives of the Alternative Defence Commission [GB 0532 Cwl ADC]


Michael Randle and Patrick Pottle, The Blake escape: how we freed George Blake and why (London: Harrap, 1989)

Michael Randle, People power: the building of a new European home (Stroud: Hawthorn, 1991)

Michael Randle, Civil resistance (London: Fontana, 1994)

Michael Randle and April Carter, People, power and protest since 1945: a bibliography of nonviolent action (London: Housmans, 2006)