Correspondence and papers, 1888-1970, of and relating to Samuel Pollard, used by R Elliott Kendall for his work on Pollard, and comprising 12 letters from Pollard, 1888-1915, during his time in China, 11 of them to H W Horwill; four letters concerning Pollard, 1915-1916, 1970; three articles by Pollard on China, c1911-c1913; notes by H W Horwill on Pollard, undated; 50 press cuttings, 1908-1915, including some by Pollard in religious publications; 21 press cuttings, 1915-1921, mainly obituaries and reviews of Pollard's publications.
Correspondence of Samuel Pollard
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 102 MS 380690
- Dates of Creation1888-1970
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical Description1 box
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Born in Camelford, Cornwall, 1864; his father, Samuel Pollard, and his mother were preachers with the Bible Christian Church (from 1907 part of the United Methodist Church); converted, c1875; initially prepared for a career in the civil service, but a London conference influenced him to become a missionary, 1885; appointed Bible Christian missionary, 1886; sailed for China, 1887; attended Ganking Language School, 1887; posted to Yunnan province, 1888; went to Chaotung (Zhaotong), where a new station was opened, 1891; married Emmie (née Hainge), 1891; assigned to the provincial capital (now Kunming); engaged in evangelistic work; worked with the Flowery Miao (A-Hmao, a minority tribe), among whom started in Anshun, Kweichow (Guizhou) province, a religious movement which spread to Chaotung, from c1905; Pollard became its most prominent missionary leader; established a centre for thousands of new believers at Shihmenkan; travelled extensively, planting churches, training leaders, and soliciting justice for Miao Christians from officials and landlords; developed a new script which he used to translate the New Testament into the Miao language; died from typhoid fever while in service as a missionary, 1915.
Grist, W.A., Samuel Pollard: Pioneer Missionary in China (1971);
Hayes, E.H., Sam Pollard of Yunnan (1947);
Kendall, E., Eyes of the Earth: the Diary of Samuel Pollard (1954);
Kendall, E., Beyond the Clouds: the Story of Samuel Pollard of South-west China (1948);
Pollard, S., In Unknown China : a Record of the Observations, Adventures and Experiences of a Pioneer Missionary during a Prolonged Sojourn amongst the Wild and Unknown Nosu Tribe of Western China (1921);
Pollard, S., Tight corners in China (c1910);
Pollard, W., The Life of Sam Pollard of China; an Account of the Intrepid Life of Adventure, Danger, Toil & Travel of a Missionary in the Far & Little Known Interior of the Vast Chinese Empire (1928).
The material has been arranged in chronological order.
Donated in 1998.
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