Edith Jayne: personal papers

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

This collection contains the personal papers (photocopies) of Edith Jayne who emigrated with her Jewish parents from Vienna to Lisbon in 1938. Due to U.S. quota restrictions they had to wait another three years until they reached their intended destination of the United States. Included are photographs, birth certificate and two biographical accounts (includes affidavit for pension purposes confirming and describing her background).

Administrative / Biographical History

Edith Jayne was born in Vienna in 1936 to Jewish parents Rudolf (1904-1987) and Maria Kurcz (née Rixner, 1905-1968). Rudolf Kurcz practised medicine for the state medical system in Korneuburg. Her mother was raised as a Roman Catholic but she converted to Judaism. She worked as a seamstress until she married in 1930. Edith had an elder sister, Lieselotte, born in 1932.

Shortly after the Anschluss a group of Nazi officials came to the family's apartment and requisitioned it as a district party headquarters and Rudolf Kurcz's contract of employment was terminated. Rudolf and Maria temporarily stayed at a hotel in Vienna and their children went to stay with relatives in Korneuburg. Soon Korneuburg was declared "Judenrein" so the children were sent to their paternal grand-mother in Stockerau. The family wanted to emigrate to the United States but American quota law only allowed a small number of Hungarians (Rudolf was born in Hungary) to immigrate each year. Maria and the children could have gone immediately under Czech and Austrian quotas but the family did not wish to be separated. In July 1938 they emigrated to Lisbon where they stayed with relatives until they were able to go to the United States in May 1941.

Rudolf retrained in New York and started working in medicine again from 1942 until his retirement. Rudolf and Maria Kurcz became American citizens in 1947. Edith trained as a teacher. She got married to George Mico in 1956 with whom she had two children. They moved to the UK in 1967 where the marriage was dissolved. She remarried to Terence Jayne (d 1998) in 1975.

Arrangement

Chronological

Conditions Governing Access

Acquisition Information

Donated by Edith Jayne

Note

2009/13