The collection comprises of correspondence by Lecointe to the polar explorers William Speirs Bruce and Robert Falcon Scott.
Georges Lecointe collection
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 15 Georges Lecointe
- Dates of Creation1902-1912
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialFrench.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (Circa 6 leaves)
- Direct Link
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Georges Lecointe was born in 1869. A Belgian national, he served on the Belgian Antarctic Expedition, 1897-1899 (leader Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery), as Hydrographic officer and second-in-command of the expedition ship Belgica. Leaving Ostend in August 1897, Belgica sailed to Brazil and Tierra del Fuego before continuing to the South Shetland Islands. From there, the ship sailed south surveying what is now known as the Gerlache Strait, before passing into the open sea towards the Antarctic circle. In March 1898, the ship was beset by pack ice, drifting south of Peter I y for over 12 months. Lecointe tracked the vessel's movements by astronomical observations during the night. The expedition became the first to winter south of the Antarctic Circle. Belgica was released from the ice in March 1899 and returned home.
In 1906, Lecointe convened the Congres International des Regions Polaires at Mons in Belgium, where the Commission Polaire Internationale was formed. There were further meetings in 1908 and 1913 before the Commission was finally dissolved in 1915. He died in 1929.
Published work Au pays des manchots. Recit du voyage de la Belgica (French) by Georges Lecointe, J. Lebeue et Cie Bruxelles (1911) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1897-1899] Commission Polaire Internationale, session de 1908, proces-verbaux des sances, edited by Georges Lecointe, Hayez Bruxelles (1908) SPRI Library Shelf 061.3[1908 International Polar Commission]
The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by recipient.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034 and 70 South and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7)[pub.2002]
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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