Bicester Rural District was created by the Local Government Act 1894. It superseded that part of Bicester Rural Sanitary Authority which was in Oxfordshire (the part which was in Buckinghamshire went into Long Crendon Rural District).
By the Oxfordshire Review Order, 1932, the Bicester Rural District was abolished and the area combined with parts of Woodstock Rural District to form Ploughley Rural District.
In common with other rural and urban district councils, amongst its many responsibilities Bicester RDC was responsible for public health, housing, rating, planning, building regulations, water supplies, sewerage, and some roads.
The collection was originally catalogued as Bicester RDC (accession numbers: 518, 1142, 1326, 1341, 1562, 1563).
Re-catalogued by Chris Gilliam and Richard Bullard with additional records from accession number 3562.
Date completed: November 2008.