Bernacchi, British Antarctic Expedition

Scope and Content

  • MS 353/1/1-3;BJ Journals and meteorological log, 1899-1900 [volume I 1 March to 8 June 1899, volume II 9 June to end of November 1899, volume III 21 November 1899 to 19 February 1900] 3 volumes, holograph,
  • MS 353/2;SL Meteorological log book, 3 March 1899 to 29 January 1900 [Kept at Cape Adare, Victoria Land, the first set of observations made on the Antarctic continent] 1 volume
  • MS 1065;MJ Notes made on the expedition, 21 November to 2 December 1899 and 15 December 1899 to [8] May 1900 [Two sketches of icebergs or land included] 62 leaves, microfilm

Administrative / Biographical History

The British Antarctic Expedition 1898-1900 (leader Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink) visited the Balleny Islands and examined a large stretch of the Victoria Land coast making a landing at Cape Adare. A party of ten men wintered on the Antarctic mainland. When biologist Nicolai Hanson died there in 1899 he became the first to be buried on Antarctica. The expedition ship Southern Cross reached a furthest south of 78°21' in 1900 during her second voyage having wintered in New Zealand. Newnes Glacier, Victoria Land was named by Borchgrevink for George Newnes (newspaper proprietor) who funded much of the expedition.

Related Material

The Institute holds several archival collections containing material on this expedition see Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink, Janet Crawford, Axel Melby, Sir Clements Markham and Sir George Newnes.

Geographical Names