Papers of Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794), in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection

Scope and Content

The collection contains the Duke's correspondence including that with his uncles, Henry Pelham and Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, discussing private and official business; statesmen and politicians such as Lord Bute, Lord North, Lord Hardwicke, William Pitt the elder and the younger; his agents about local politics and estate business. Of particular interest is his correspondence with his cousin, General Sir Henry Clinton, during the American War of Independence.

Administrative / Biographical History

Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, was the son of Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln and nephew of Henry Pelham and Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne. He was styled 9th Earl of Lincoln until he succeeded his uncle in 1768 and adopted the surname Pelham. His influential connections secured his advancement, and he was made Lord Lieutenant of the counties of Cambridgeshire in 1742 and Nottinghamshire in 1768. Other appointments included that of Privy Councillor, Cofferer of the Household, Comptroller of the Customs for the Port of London, Knight of the Garter and High Steward of Westminster. Although the 2nd Duke did not pursue a political career, he was active in local elections and, through his political and other patronage, had considerable influence and extensive contacts with the leading politicians of his day.


The letters are arranged in bundles, some by individual correspondent, others by date or subject. Some sections are retained in the order in which they were stored by the 2nd Duke in his travelling cases and listed with their original bundle numbers as recorded in Ne C 2285.

Conditions Governing Access

Accessible to all readers.

Other Finding Aids

Copyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham.

In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus:

Old typescript catalogue, 8 pp

At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew:

Old typescript catalogue, 8 pp


Catalogue accessible on the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue.

Readers are advised that the online catalogue is more comprehensive than the old typescript version, and has been enhanced by personal, place and subject indexing.

Conditions Governing Use

Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the Keeper of Manuscripts and Special Collections (email

Photocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.

Custodial History

These papers form a sub-group of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) and are part of the political papers fonds (Ne C). They were part of the first deposit received from the 9th Duke of Newcastle in 1955 and were accepted in lieu of estate duty in 1981.

Related Material

See the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the record describing the Correspondence within the collection (Ne C), and the other constituent parts of the Correspondence section (Ne C 1-35; Ne C 36-2225; Ne C 2226-2229; Ne C 4496-4666; Ne C 4667-8778; Ne C 8779-12842; Ne C 12843-14145; Ne C 14146-14729; Ne C 14730-15406)

Papers of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle in the British Library Manuscript Collections

Letters to 3rd Duke of Portland in the Portland (Welbeck) Collection: reference Pw F 2964-2969

Geographical Names