Estate and Official Papers of the Newcastle family of Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, 1200-1942, in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection

Scope and Content

Title deeds and settlements make up over half the collection (Ne D). The largest section relates to estates in Nottinghamshire - the Cavendish and Holles properties in Basford and Nottingham, Bevercotes, Haughton, Markham Clinton and Newark. Other sections cover the medieval and later Holles estates in St Clement Danes, St Giles in the Fields and St Pancras in Middlesex; the Clinton estates in Sussex and later Newcastle estates such as Oatlands in Surrey and the Aldborough and Boroughbridge properties in Yorkshire.

Accounts, rentals and vouchers, surveys and valuations and miscellaneous papers and correspondence (Ne A; Ne S) refer to most of the major estates and to such special matters as building works at the Clumber and Oatland residences, and the expenses involved in building the new street (Newcastle Street) in St Clement Danes. There are nearly 1,900 legal papers dealing primarily with estate matters (Ne L).

Maps and plans are few in number and only a proportion relate to the estates. Maps of Australia, India, Canada and the U.S.A. belonged to the 5th Duke in his capacity as colonial secretary (Ne P).

Among the manorial records the most important are the court books of the manor of Newark and its members, (which begin in 1575 and continue in this series to 1867). There are records also for the manors of Bevercotes, Gamston, Kirklington, Maplebeck, Markham Clinton and Walkeringham and Misterton, and for the bailiwicks of Bassetlaw and ultra et citra Trentam and the manors of Bothamsall and Elkesley where the courts were held (Ne M).

Most of the inventories in the collection were made in 1794 or 1795 on the deaths of the 2nd and 3rd duke, and there are catalogues of the pictures at Clumber in the 19th century (Ne I).

Apart from the estate and household records (Ne E) there is also a major group relating to the various official positions held by the dukes and their ancestors at various dates (Ne O), and of the final miscellaneous manuscripts the most numerous are the newspaper cuttings on political, social and family topics, whilst the most striking are the grants of title and the illuminated pedigrees (Ne X).

Administrative / Biographical History

A comprehensive administrative history for the Newcastle estates is available in the higher level description covering the whole of the Newcastle archive ( Ne).


The papers are arranged chronologically, by series and by record type.

Access Information

Accessible to all readers.

Other Finding Aids

Copyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham.

In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus:

Typescript Catalogue, 137 pp

At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew:

Typescript Catalogue, 137 pp


Catalogue available from the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue.

Conditions Governing Use

Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the Keeper of Manuscripts and Special Collections (email

Photocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.

Custodial History

The estate and official papers form a fonds within the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection. They came originally from Clumber Park and were deposited by the Estate Office at Warminster, Wiltshire in September 1955. They were accepted by the state in lieu of tax in 1988 and their deposit at The University of Nottingham confirmed. Additional deposits have been received and listed separately at various dates. The records comprise the estate papers for the various estates belonging to the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne which were inherited from Clinton (Earls of Lincoln), Pelham, Cavendish and Holles (Earls of Clare) forebears.

Related Material

See the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the other constituent parts of the Newcastle Collection (Ne C; Ne 2F; Ne 3; Ne 4; Ne 5; Ne 6), and related collections (NL; NS; NPE; NPC; NN)