Correspondence and Political Papers of the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne, 1608-1945, in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection

Scope and Content

Included within this group are different series comprising correspondence of the family members concerned. Although the political offices held by different family members and their range of political interests and activities have given a particular subject focus, the collection also includes long runs of family and domestic correspondence, and contains papers relating to the estates and property.

Full biographical details about the different family members and descriptions of the individual sub-groups of political and associated papers are found under their separate references. Due to the size of this collection the sections are delivered separately on the Manuscripts Online Catalogue.

Ne C 1-35 Wriothesley Family

Ne C 36-2225 Henry Pelham

Ne C 2226-2229 General Sir Henry Clinton

Ne C 2230-4495 Henry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne

Ne C 4496-4666 Parliamentary Election Papers

Ne C 4667-8778 Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke

Ne C 8779-12842 and Ne C 12843-14145, Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke

Ne C 14146-14729 A small and miscellaneous collection of papers of Henry P.A. Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke, is also present. This includes correspondence relating to the dedication of the new church at Clumber (1889), the Duke's American visit in 1888, and his marriage to Kathleen F.M. Candy in 1889.

Ne C 14730-15406 The final miscellaneous series of the Newcastle Correspondence Collection is largely concerned with genealogy, and particularly with the 4th Duke's efforts to trace the early history of the Clintons. The Collection originally held a series of autograph letters of famous people, purchased by the 5th Duke 1859-1862. These are now represented in the Collection by surrogate copies.

Ne C 15404-6 Also present in the final section are three volumes of the 16th-17th centuries, comprising letter books of John Holles, 1st Earl of Clare and a commonplace book of John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare.

Administrative / Biographical History

The family members whose political and personal papers form the bulk of the Newcastle Correspondence collections include Henry Pelham (1696-1754), brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne and father-in-law of the 2nd; Henry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794); his grandson Henry, the 4th Duke (1785-1851 and his son Henry, 5th Duke (1811-1864).

There are also smaller groups of papers of General Sir Henry Clinton (1738-1795), cousin of the 2nd Duke, and of two members of the Wriothesley family, Henry, 3rd Earl of Southampton (1573-1624) and his grand-daughter Lady Rachel Russell (née Wriothesley 1636-1723), whose relationship to the Pelham-Clintons is not clear.


The Collection is listed in a single numerical sequence within which the correspondence received by particular individuals, and papers concerning them, have been brought together. The present structure of the finding aids defines these as sub-groups.

Access Information

Accessible to all readers.

Other Finding Aids

Copyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham.

In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Old typescript Catalogue

At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Old typescript Catalogue

Online: Catalogue available from the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. This catalogue is more detailed than the typescript catalogue.

Due to the size of this collection the sections are delivered separately on the Manuscripts Online Catalogue. Search separately for full descriptions of each of the following sections:

Ne C 1-35 Papers of the Wriothesley Family, Earls of Southampton, 1608-1706

Ne C 36-2225 Papers of Henry Pelham (1696-1754), statesman and politician

Ne C 2226-2229 Papers of General Sir Henry Clinton (c.1738-1795)

Ne C 2230-4495 Papers of Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794)

Ne C 4496-4666 Papers relating to Parliamentary Elections involving the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne, 1790-1865

Ne C 4667-8778 Papers of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1785-1851)

Ne C 8779-12842 Political and official correspondence of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1811-1864)

Ne C 12843-14145 Personal and estate correspondence of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1811-1864)

Ne C 14146-14729 Papers of Henry P.A.D. Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1864-1928)

Ne C 14730-15406 Genealogical and antiquarian correspondence and other papers; 1481-1931.

Conditions Governing Use

Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the Keeper of Manuscripts and Special Collections (email

Photocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.

Custodial History

These papers form a fonds of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection. They came originally from the Library at Clumber Park and were deposited via the Warminster Estate Office in 1955 as part of the first deposit of estate and family papers from the 9th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne.

Related Material

See the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the other constituent parts of the Newcastle Collection (Ne A-X; Ne 2F; Ne 3; Ne 4; Ne 5; Ne 6), and related collections (NL; NS; NPE; NPC; NN)


William Coxe, 'Memoirs of the Administration of the Right Honourable Henry Pelham', 2 vols. (London, 1829)P.R. Seddon, 'Letters of John Holles 1587-1637', 3 vols. in the Thoroton Society Record Series, xxxi, xxxv, xxxvi (1975-1986)