Robert Barnes: Birth, Mortality and Temperature Charts

Scope and Content

Six charts used for a paper on puerperal fever given by Robert Barnes in 1887 in Dublin. Each chart is clearly labelled and displays demographic information for London. The subjects of the charts are as follows: temperature, humidity, and rainfall for ten years 1875-1884, and for thirty years 1845-1874; deaths from scarlatina, fevers, erysipelas, and puerperal fever for all ages and both sexes for ten years 1875-1884, and for thirty years 1845-1874; and births and deaths of all ages, both sexes, and from all causes for ten years 1875-1884, and for thirty years 1845-1874.

Administrative / Biographical History

Robert Barnes was born in Norwich on September 4, 1817, the second son of an architect. After being educated in Bruges and tutored by George Borrow, he attended University College and undertook medical studies at Windmill Street School and St. George's Hospital. He received his MRCS in 1842 and began a practice in Notting Hill. In the following years, he taught at the Hunterian School and Dermott's School, and received his MD in 1848. He served as Obstetrician to the Western General Dispensary, was elected in 1859 to be Assistant Obstetric Physician, and then became Obstetric Physician to the London Hospital in 1863. Within a year he had moved to St. Thomas's Hospital, and in 1875 he was made Obstetric Physician to St. George's Hospital. He was elected FRCS in 1883 and retired around the age of 70 before dying of apoplexy in 1907 at Eastbourne. He was widely respected and recognized as an expert in the field of obstetrics and among his several publications, the best-known was 'A System of Obstetric Medicine and Surgery' published in 1884 with the help of his son, Dr. R.S. Fancourt Barnes. He is known for his advocacy of surgery by obstetricians, his expertise in forensic medicine, placenta praevia, and uterine hemorrhage, and the term 'ectopic gestation'. Barnes was active in the Royal Maternity Charity, and was a founding member of the Obstetrical Society of London and its fourth president. He also formed the British Gynaecological Society in 1885. The source for this biographical information can be found at 'Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online',

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