Peru: Political Pamphlets

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Pamphlets, reports, government publications, programs, bulletins, conference proceedings, dossiers, leaflets, communiqus, histories, declarations and manifestos issued by Amnesty International, Asamblea Permanente de Defensa de los Derechos Humanos Per, Central Latinoamericana de Trabajadores, Centro de Estudios y Promocin Comunal del Oriente, Centro de Informacin y Documentacin de Bolivia, Centro de Intercambio de la Educacin Popular, Centro de la Mujer Peruana Flora Tristn, Centro IDEAS, Centro Latinoamericano de Trabajo Social, Centro Nacional de Capacitacin e Investigacin para la Reforma Agraria, Comisin Episcopal de Accin Social, Comisin Evanglica Latinoamericana de Educacin Cristiana, Comisin Nacional de Derechos Humanos (Peru), Comit de Asesoramiento de la Presidencia de la Repblica (COAP), Comit de Defensa de los Derechos Humanos, Comit de defensa de los trabajadores petroleros del sur este del Per Madre de Dios, Comit de la Unidad Democrtico Popular del Per en Mxico, Confederacin Campesina del Per, Congreso de Comunidades Industriales de la Rama Automotriz y Anexos (1st : 1973 : Lima, Per), Consulta de Iglesias Latinoamericanas sobre Cmo Enfrentar el Racismo en la Dcada del '80 (1980 : Panama, Panama), Consulta sobre Clase y Raza en los Textos Escolares de Amrica Latina (1980 : San Jos, Costa Rica), Cooperativa agraria de produccin, Desco, Direccin de Difusin de la Reforma Agraria, Direccin de Promocin de la Reforma Agraria, Ediciones Labor, Federacin de Trabajadores de Luz y Fuerza del Per, Federacin de Trabajadores Molineros, Fideeros y Afines del Per, Inter-Church Committee on Human Rights in Latin America, Ministerio de Agricultura (Peru), Ministerio de Energa y Minas (Peru), Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (Peru), Oficina Central de Informacin (Peru), Parroquia Virgen de Nazareth (El Agustino, Lima, Peru), Partido Aprista Peruano, Partido Comunista del Per, Partido Comunista Peruano, Partido Socialista Revolucionario, Partido Vanguardia Revolucionaria, Pomalca Ltda. No.38, President of Peru, Red Regional de Promocin de la Mujer de San Martn, Seminario sobre la Problemtica Agraria Peruana (1977 : Ayacucho), SINAMOS, Sub-Comisin de Derechos Humanos del Parlamento de la Repblica, ULAJE, Unidad Democrtico Popular (Peru), United Nations General Assembly, Universidad del Pacfico, Vanguardia Revolucionaria (Peru), World Council of Churches, World Council of Indigenous Peoples.

Administrative / Biographical History

In 1968 the government of Fernando Belande Terry and his Accin Popular party was deposed by a leftist military coup following a currency crisis and a continuing guerrilla war in the countryside. For the next twelve years a 'revolutionary' military government ran the country, although this period can be divided into two distinct phases. From 1968 to 1975 the new president, Juan Velasco Alvarado, instituted a programme of land reform, industrialisation and nationalisation which sought to end United States dominance over Peru as well as reduce the country's reliance on exports. However, once Velasco was replaced by Francisco Morales Bermudez Cerruti the 'second phase' of the revolution took the form of a move back towards the free market and the increasing embrace of new neo-liberal economic ideas. Civilian rule returned to the country in 1980, but economic problems continued and the emergence of new armed movements such as Sendero Luminoso and Tupac Amuru led to the escalation of the so-called 'dirty war' and a consequent increase in accusations of human rights infractions.

This collection holds materials published by the military government of the 1970s, many on land reform, as well of others from left-wing groups like the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR) and the Vanguardia Revolucionaria. Also represented are peasant organisations and trades union federations, as well as independent studies of the Peruvian economic situation in the 1970s. As the 'dirty war' worsened in the 1980s an increasing number of publications, from both local political parties, church groups (such as the Inter-Church Committee on Human Rights in Latin America) and NGOs like Amnesty, are concerned with human rights in the country, while other items concentrate on the increasing problem of inflation. The majority of materials currently held in the collection date from the period between the 1968 coup and the election of Fujimori in 1992.

Arrangement

Randomly within boxes (at present)

Conditions Governing Access

Open to all for research purposes; access is free for anyone in higher education.

Note

Description compiled by Daniel Millum, Political Archives Project Officer at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies and the Institute for the Study of the Americas

Other Finding Aids

Records at item level on library catalogue (SASCAT)

Conditions Governing Use

Copies can usually be obtained - apply to library staff.

Custodial History

The majority of the materials held in the political archives of the Library of the Institute for the Study of the Americas (ISA) originate from the Contemporary Archive on Latin America (CALA), a documentation and research centre on Latin America which donated its holdings to the Institute of Latin American Studies (ILAS) upon its closure in 1981. In 2004 ILAS merged with the Institute of United States Studies (IUSS) to form ISA, which inherited the political archives. The core collection has continued since 1981 to be supplemented by further donations and by materials acquired through the visits of Institute staff and their contacts to the relevant countries.

Accruals

Further accruals are expected

Related Material

See also Political Pamphlet material for other countries in the region, as well as related material in the library's main classified sequence, all held in the ISA library.