The Papers of Professor Arthur Roy Clapham (1904-1990), botanist
Arthur Roy Clapham Papers
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 200 MS 170
- Dates of Creation1925-1994
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical Description20 boxes
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The Papers are the working papers of Roy Clapham, Professor of Botany, and following his retirement in 1969 Professor Emeritus, at the University of Sheffield.
Arthur Roy Clapham (1904 -1990), Professor of Botany at Sheffield from 1944 to 1969, was a significant figure in botanical science both at home and internationally. Born in Norwich, and educated at the City of Norwich School, he gained a double first specialising in botany at Downing College, Cambridge, in 1922. After several years of research in plant physiology at Cambridge he moved in 1928 to Rothamsted Agricultural Experimental Station as a crop physiologist. In 1930 he went to Oxford, studying with the encouragement of the father of British plant ecology, A.G. Tansley, and playing a leading role in The Biological Flora of the British Isles, launched in 1940. He became editor of The New Phytologist in 1931, and served that journal for three decades. When he moved to Sheffield in 1944 his declared aim was to build up a research school centred on the Biological Flora, with its synthesis of information. The Unit of Grassland Ecology was founded in the Department in 1961 (later the Unit of Comparative Plant Ecology). The early 1950s saw the start of the detailed mapping of British plants on a 10-kilometre square base, initiated by Clapham (the model now adopted for fauna), and in 1952 the old 'Bentham and Hooker' Flora was superseded as the standard work by the widely-acclaimed Flora of the British Isles by Clapham, T.G. Tutin and E.F. Warburg. As well as a wide range of scientific publications Clapham also published work of general interest, such as his Oxford Book of Trees of 1975.
In addition to serving as chairman of numerous committees and contributing to nature conservation via the Nature Conservancy he served as acting Vice-Chancellor at Sheffield in 1965. Overseas, he was known for his work on the International Biological Programme which has provided the basis for integrated research on many types of vegetation world-wide.
Amongst many honours for his work on plant ecology he was elected FRS in 1959 and awarded a CBE in 1969.
[Biographical details mainly from The Times obituary of January 14th 1991]
Conditions Governing Access
Available to all researchers, by appointment
Description prepared by Lawrence Aspden
Other Finding Aids
Listed. The collection has been catalogued for the University of Sheffield Library by the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath, from whom copies may be obtained (ref. no. NCUACS 89/2/00)
Conditions Governing Use
Clapham estate copyright