- Valuations and estimates for the nationalisation of NC Thorncliffe Collieries Ltd 1947
- Papers and correspondance concerning valuation and compensation for Thorncliffe Coal Distillation Ltd 1952-1953
Newton Chambers & Co, coal masters and iron founders, was formed as a partnership between George Newton (1761-1825) and Thomas Chambers (1771-1814) in 1792 with the establishment of the Phoenix Foundry in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. Lands were acquired in 1793 at Thorncliffe, near Sheffield and 2 furnaces had been completed by 1796 and collieries acquired near by to smelt ironstone. By 1801, the company was established as smelters and ironfounders. Smelters were reorganised to concentrate on gas production and from 1825 to 1850, the supply of gas works equipment constituted the main business. A large manufacturing in tank construction and fabrication in steel and cast iron grew out of this development. Business operations were extended and modernised from 1869 and coal output was boosted to 1 million tons per year. The company was incorporated as a limited liability company as Newton Chambers & Co Ltd in 1881 at about which time the cabonisation and distillation of coal was being pioneered. Chemical works were established which produced 'Izal' disinfectants, insecticides, antiseptic soaps and cleaning fluids. The company had branches all over England, including London, Sheffield, Hull, Manchester, Rotherham and Liverpool by 1923. The family was still represented on the board of directors until the 1940s.
In 1945 , the company became N C Thorncliffe Collieries Ltd . By this time, the company was operating 4 collieries at Rockingham, Thorncliffe, Smithy Wood and Grange with a combined output of 1 million tons of coal per year. The company's collieries were nationalised in 1947 as part of the National Coal Board under the terms of the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946 but N C Thorncliffe continued as heavy, light and mobile engineers and chemical manufacturers. By 1977, the company had 19 subsidiary companies and 3200 employees.
Source: Lesley Richmond & Bridget Stockford,Company Archives(Glasgow, 1986)
This material is arranged into series. Within series, the items are generally arranged chronologically.
Permanent loan: Deloitte & Touche, chartered accountants : Glasgow
Digital file level list available in searchroom.
Manual file level list available at the National Registers of Archives in Edinburgh (NRA(S)1546)
No known copies
Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the University Archivist
Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use & condition of documents
This material has been appraised in line with normal procedures
Held by Deloitte & Touche, chartered accountants
No known publications using this material
This material is original
No alterations to date