Papers of George Pepplewell, fl.1776, surgeon, student of William Hunter, 1718-1783, anatomist and William Cumberland Cruikshank, 1745-1800, anatomist

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Certificate of attendance, with engraved text and portrait of William Harvey, in favour of Mr John Pepplewell, surgeon, and signed by William Hunter and his partner William Cruikshank

Text (words added in manuscript are within square brackets): 'These are to Certify that [Mr John Pepplewell Surgeon] hath diligently attended [two] Course of [our] Anatomical and Chirurgical LECTURES. London [March 23d 1776 William Hunter Wm Cruikshank]'

Administrative / Biographical History

The surgeon (fl.1776) George Pepplewell  attended a series of lectures on anatomy and surgery by William Hunter and William Cumberland Cruikshank in 1776 . These took place at the School of Anatomy  on Great Windmill Street, London, England, founded by William Hunter in 1768.

William Hunter was born in Long Calderwood, Lanarkshire, Scotland, in 1718  Intended for the church, he attended the University of Glasgow from 1731-1736  where he was exposed to the philosophical teachings of Francis Hutcheson which turned him against the rigid dogmas of Presbyterian theology. An acquaintance with the physician William Cullen (1710-1790) disposed him to the medical profession, and he studied with Cullen for three years. Eager to widen his experience, he went to London in 1741  where he worked as an assistant to William Smellie MD (1697-1763) and then from 1741-1742  with James Douglas, both of whom fostered his interest in obstetrics and gynaecology. Between 1741-1749 he was tutor to William George Douglas.

His career prospered; already by 1743  he had communicated the first of several papers to the Royal Society -  On the Structure and Diseases of Articulating Cartilage, and in  1750  he was awarded an MD by the University of Glasgow. In  1749  he was appointed as a surgeon at Middlesex Hospital, England, before transferring for a brief time to the British Lying-in Hospital in  1749  .

From the first he had particularly interested himself in obstetrics and in 1762  was called to attend Queen Charlotte on the birth of her first child. Two years later, he was appointed as Physician Extraordinary to Queen Charlotte and rapidly became the most sought after physician in London.

His research, embodied in his Anatomical Description of the Human Gravid Uterus (1774) and his practical example, including the establishment of specialist training for both physicians and midwives, did much to establish obstetrics as a respectable branch of medicine for the first time, though he took a perverse pleasure in continuing to describe himself as a despised 'man-midwife'. However, he continued to lecture on surgical and anatomical topics also, with great success, being described as'admirably clear in exposition, and very attractive by reason of his stores of apposite anecdotes'.

In private life he was a man of wide learning and artistic sensibilities and devoted many years to assembling a magnificent collection of books and manuscripts, coins, antiquities and works of art; these, with his working collection of anatomical and other specimens, were bequeathed to the University of Glasgow on his death in 1783  .

Source: After Carol Primrose, St Mungo's Bairns: Some notable Glasgow students down the centuries, ( Glasgow: Glasgow University Library , 1990 )

Arrangement

The arrangement of this material reflects the original order in which it was received

Conditions Governing Access

owned by the university of glasgow

Open

Acquisition Information

Purchase : Pickering Chatto, booksellers with support from Local Museums Purchase Fund : February 1984 : ACCN 4483

Other Finding Aids

Item level descriptions are available via the department's online manuscripts catalogue available at http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/manuscripts/  searching by the call number MS Gen 541/41

Alternative Form Available

No known copies

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Keeper of Special Collections

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents

Appraisal Information

This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 247 procedures

Custodial History

Unknown

Accruals

None expected

Related Material

GB 247 MS Hunter H: Papers of William Hunter

Glasgow University Library Special Collections Department holds a number of examples of notes taken in the lectures of William Hunter of which descriptions are available on the Archives Hub, details are given below:

GB 247 MS Gen 702 Lecture notes taken in the anatomy lectures of William Hunter, 1718-1783, anatomist, delivered in 1781

GB 247 MS Gen 720-721 Lecture notes taken in the anatomy lectures of William Hunter, 1718-1783, anatomist, delivered in 1752

GB 247 MS Gen 769-772 Lecture notes taken in the anatomy and chirurgical lectures of William Hunter, 1718-1783, anatomist, delivered in 1768

GB 247 MS Gen 790 Lecture notes taken in the anatomy and chirurgical lectures of William Hunter, 1718-1783, anatomist, delivered c1770

GB 247 MS Gen 1630 Lecture notes on the Gravid Uterus, taken in the lectures of William Hunter, 1718-1783, anatomist, delivered c1774

Item level descriptions are available via the department's online manuscripts catalogue available at http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/manuscripts/  searching by the relevant MS Gen call number

Material in other repositories: no material associated by provenance

Location of Originals

This material is original

Bibliography

No known publications using this material

Additional Information

English

No alterations made to date

Geographical Names