Administrative / Biographical History

(a district, a town, and a centre of Brahminism) In the face of plague and famine, Miss Rosalie Harvey established the Harvey Babies’ Home in the early 1890s (later run by Miss Harriet Betteridge). She was then challenged to provide for homeless people with leprosy. On finding strong local support for that, she opened the Lepers’ Asylum, with 34 residents in 1898. Numbers soon rose to over 100 with the famine. Miss Harvey appealed for funds to open a home for the ‘untainted children’ of people with skin diseases. In 1962 the premises of the former Harvey Babies’ Home were used as Bible Fellowship Centre in order to provide a conference centre for Indian Christian groups and leaders. National leadership took over in 1963, and in 1969 management of the building was handed over to the Christian Medical and Educational Fellowship, a BMMF Indian Christian Trust.

In 1901, ZBMM took a 99-year lease of land from the Municipality to construct a school-house, as agreed in 1899. The ground was put into the possession of Miss Rosalie Harvey, and Aditwar Peth (Adityawar Peth) School was built. In 1936, ZBMM handed the school and lease over to the Nasik Diocese as a gift. In 1942, the Nasik Diocesan Standing Committee closed the school and returned the building to ZBMM (as requested). A second school, Budhwar Peth (Budhwarpeth, Buchawar Peth) School was opened in 1901, although there is some suggestion that the building was to be used as a dispensary. Victoria School for Girls began as an Anglo Vernacular School, and its status was raised to that of a High School in 1920.

The Canada Hospital, so called because the Canadian auxiliary took responsibility for it, began in 1903 in a former women’s hospital (the Dhankorbai) with a 10-year lease; it suffered a series of moves to unsuitable premises in 1914 and 1923. The hospital was temporarily closed in the early 1920s and again in 1944 owing to financial and communication difficulties during WW2, although the British army was glad to use it. BMMF closed the hospital in 1962, and part of the premises were used to house the new Khristiya Lekhan Sanstha, the Christian Writing Institute. This venture was closed around 1968. The Budhawar Peth Dispensary was part of Canada Hospital.

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