Aberdare and Mountain Ash County Court Records

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Ordinary Actions Ledgers, 1966-1969; Default Actions Ledgers, 1968-1969; Workmen's Compensation Act Records, 1917-1938; Records relating to Bankruptcy and Company Liquidation, 1884-1967; Funds Ledgers, 1943-1982; Taxation Records, 1899-1933; Records relating to Tithes, 1915-1976; County Court Publications, 1966-1971; Administration Records, 1968-1988.

Administrative / Biographical History

County Courts were established under an Act for the more easy recovery of Small Debts and Demands 1846 in Wales (and England). Each area was divided into court districts which did not necessarily coincide with county boundaries. These courts were also given jurisdiction over insolvency under the Bankruptcy Act 1846; jurisdiction over bankruptcy by the Bankruptcy Act 1869 was granted to those courts approved by the Lord Chancellor. A number of other functions were acquired by County Courts, including jurisdiction in certain property cases, leasehold actions, the winding-up of companies (under the Companies Act 1867), child adoption cases and, notably, workmen's compensation under the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1925. Most of this particular function was transferred by the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act 1946 to national insurance tribunals. Since 1973, county courts have co-operated in an informal arbitration scheme for small claims of money.

Arrangement

Chronological within record series.

Conditions Governing Access

none

Items containing information on named individuals may be restricted in accordance with the Data Protection Act and GA policy

Acquisition Information

Deposited by HMCS Wales on 29 January 2008.

Other Finding Aids

A detailed catalogue is available at the Glamorgan Record Office.

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Geoff Edwards for the Glamorgan Archives, with reference to Patrick Polden, A History of the County Court 1846-1971 (Cambridge University Press); Surrey History Centre collections catalogue; and Cheshire and Chester Archives and Local Studies Service: County Courts catalogue.

Appraisal Information

All records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Archives have been retained.

Custodial History

The records passed from Aberdare and Mountain Ash County Court to Her Majesty's Courts Service Wales, Cardiff

Accruals

Accruals are possible.