Scope and Content

This extensive collection of deeds and papers deposited in the Record Office by one of the best-known firms of Chester solicitors includes material relating to numerous landed estates in Clwyd owned by their many clients. For the most part these formed distinct groups and have been listed accordingly, but there was also a significant amount of miscellaneous material not easily ascribed to any particular client, which has been arranged by reference to the parish to which it relates.

Papers of the Earl of Denbigh, including deeds, 1612-1922, mining papers, 1767-1909, estate records, 1729-1922, family papers, 1676-1920, and legal records, 1607-1920; Aston Hall papers, including deeds, 1800-1860, estate records, 1758-1841, and records relating to collieries and railways, 1806-1862; Boughton Hall, Chester, papers, including deeds, 1473-1892, estate records, 1668-1904, family papers, 1578-1839, and legal records, 1575-1876; papers of Henry Tucker, 1311-1858, including deeds, 1311-1810; Nerquis Hall papers, 1596-1905, including deeds, 1596-1905, and estate records, 1809-1902; deeds and other papers relating to M. W. B. Nugent, 1586-1871, Willett of Hawarden, 1561-1875, Gwersyllt Park, 1460-1809, Lleweni, 1680-1879, Lloyd, Evans and Evans-Lloyd, 1803-1900, and Burganey of Pulford, 1693-1866; Broughton Hall, Worthenbury, papers, 1616-1905, including deeds, 1617-1864; draft deeds and legal papers of Broughton Hall, Wrexham, concerning industry in Broughton, Brymbo and Wrexham, 1842-1956; Wrench family papers, 1633-1877; Leeswood Hall papers, 1747-1920; Foulkes of Eriviat papers, 1624-1913; Thelwall family papers, 1506-1772; Parker family papers, 1710-1895; papers of Lady Jeffreys' Charity, 1715-1923, John Jones of Llandudno, 1866-1907, George Hotel, Bangor, Caernarfonshire, 1872-1899, Goulding's Hotel, Llandudno, 1879-1919, and the Kinmel Estate, 1910-1939; miscellaneous deeds and papers relating to properties in Flintshire, Denbighshire, elsewhere in Wales, Cheshire and Shropshire, 1444-1939; and Acts of Parliament, 1786-1895.

Administrative / Biographical History

Birch, Cullimore & Co. is an established firm of solicitors, based in Chester, Cheshire. Their clients included numerous landed estates in Flintshire and Denbighshire, including the following: the Earls of Denbigh and Pennant estates; the Whitley family of Aston Hall, Hawarden, Flintshire; the Boughton Hall estate, Chester, Cheshire, and the Llechryd estate in Flintshire and Denbighshire; the Nugent family of Plas Iolyn, Dudleston, Shropshire, and Chester; Richard Willett, headmaster of Hawarden Grammar School; John Humberston Cawley and the Upper Gwersyllt estate and the Gwersyllt Park estate in Gwersyllt, Denbighshire; the Lleweni estate of the Salusbury, Cotton and Highes families, in Denbighshire and Flintshire; and the Broughton family, of Broughton Hall, Worthenbury, Flintshire. The firm retained papers relating to these estates.


Arranged into the following: Earl of Denbigh; Aston Hall; Boughton Hall, Chester; Currie of Boughton Hall, Chester; Henry Tucker; Nerquis Hall; M. W. B. Nugent; Willett of Hawarden; Gwersyllt Park; Lleweni; Lleweni and Kinmel; Broughton Hall, Worthenbury; Broughton Hall, Wrexham; Lloyd, Evans and Evans-Lloyd; Wrench; Leeswood Hall; Burganey of Pulford; Foulkes of Eriviat; Thelwall; Parker; Pennant; Rhual; Trevor; Robertson; Clark of Oak Alyn; Fitzhugh of Plas Power; Egerton of Gresford; Mainwaring (inc. Lloyd of Llangwm); Heaton; Martin of Bryntisilio; Booth and Lee of Oak Bank; Dixon of Acton House; Spon Green Estate; Ormrod of Penylan; Wrexham and Mold Road; Holt Endowed School; miscellaneous clients; and miscellaneous.

Access Information

Data Protection Act restrictions will apply to any items less than 100 years old that contain personal information as defined by the Act.


Please order documents using the alternative reference number (where provided).

Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Flintshire Record Office, Birch Cullimore MSS; Veysey, A. G. (ed.), Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (Denbigh, 1974).

Other Finding Aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Flintshire Record Office and the National Register of Archives.

Archivist's Note

Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Flintshire Record Office, Birch Cullimore MSS; Veysey, A. G. (ed.), Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (Denbigh, 1974).

Item level descriptions input by Alun Driver, Frances Jones, Jane Swinton and Heather Vernon.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply

Usual copyright regulations apply

Appraisal Information

All records have been retained.


Accruals are not expected.

Related Material

Further papers are in Flintshire Record Office, D/NH; National Library of Wales, Downing Estate Deeds; Lleweni Estate Records; NLW MSS 2521-2598, 12706-12720 and 15421-15436.


A summary of the various sections of the list, together with brief details of the families associated with each, was included in the Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (1974). In two cases, those of Nerquis Hall and Burganey of Pulford, the material in this collection complemented material already deposited in the office frim a different source. These are summarised in the Guide in the section devoted to family and estate archives. One or two further small deposits have been made since 1974, but these have fallen chiefly into the miscellaneous category.