The collection comprises of journals correspondence and papers by Sophia Cracroft. Much of the collection relates to the search for the British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848 (led by Sophia's uncle Sir John Franklin. Other parts of the collection relate to the travels Sophia undertook with Sir John's wife Jane, Lady Franklin.
Sophia Cracroft collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Sophia Cracroft
- Dates of Creation1843-1875
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical DescriptionJournals (21 volumes) correspondence (1 volume, circa 863 leaves) papers (52 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Sophia (Sophy) Cracroft was born in 1816, the eldest daughter of Isabella Franklin and Thomas Cracroft and niece of the Arctic explorer, John Franklin. In 1836, she accompanied John Franklin and his second wife, Jane, to Van Diemen's Land [Tasmania] after Franklin had accepted the post of lieutenant governor, later returning to Britain in 1844. After the death of John Franklin on the British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848, Sophia continued to accompany Jane Franklin on her travels, visiting Alaska, the United States, Hawaii, Canada, South America, China, Japan, India and Europe. She died on 20 June 1892.
The collection is split into three sub-fonds comprising of journals, correspondence and papers respectively
Conditions Governing Access
Some materials deposited at the Institute are NOT owned by the Institute. In such cases the archivist will advise about any requirements imposed by the owner. These may include seeking permission to read, extended closure, or other specific conditions.
Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland, Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills, San Diego and Oxford, 2003 and Lady Franklin visits Sitka, Alaska, 1870; the journal of Sophia Cracroft, Sir John Franklin's niece edited by Robert Neil DeArmond, Alaska Historical Society Anchorage (1981) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Franklin, Jane] and 'Death of Miss Cracroft' by (Sir) George H Richards in Royal Geographical Society Proceedings volume 14 1892 p.553-554
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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Further accessions possible