Material relating to General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate (1861-1953)

Scope and Content

The collection is composed of: a letter from Wingate on Balmoral Castle notepaper to Douglas Murray, which contains details about how the two will be able to meet up in London; two head and shoulders portrait photographs of Wingate, one bearded and non-military, the other moustached and showing military decorations; standing portrait of Wingate, with signature affixed; and, group photograph of Wingate and acquaintances.

Administrative / Biographical History

Francis Reginald Wingate was born at Broadfield, Renfrewshire, on 25 June 1861. He was educated at St. James's Collegiate School and at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. He served with the Royal Artillery in India and Aden, and joined the Egyptian Army in 1883. He was Commandant of the Cholera Hospital, acted as aide-de-camp to General Sir Evelyn Wood during the Nile Expedition and in the Bayuda desert, 1884-1885, acted as Governor of the Red Sea littoral, was a member of a special mission to Emperor Menelek of Ethiopia, 1897, at the Battle of Khartoum and the Expedition to Fashoda, and in command of operations resulting in the death of Khalifa. During the First World War he organised numerous expeditions for the pacification of the Sudan, including the reconquest of Darfur. His published work includes Mahdiism and the Egyptian Sudan (1891), and Ten year's captivity in the Mahdi's camp (1891). General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate died on 28 January 1953.

Access Information

Generally open for consultation to bona fide researchers, but please contact repository for details in advance.


The biographical/administrative history was compiled using the following material: (1) The dictionary of national biography. The concise dictionary. Part 2. 1901-1970. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. (2) Who was who 1951-1960. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1961.

Compiled by Graeme D Eddie, Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections Division.

Other Finding Aids

Important finding aids generally are: the alphabetical Index to Manuscripts held at Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections and Archives, consisting of typed slips in sheaf binders and to which additions were made until 1987; and the Index to Accessions Since 1987.


Check the local Indexes for details of any additions.

Related Material

The UK National Register of Archives (NRA), updated by the Historical Manuscripts Commission, notes several locations of Wingate related material.