Wrobel, Franz (fl 1940-1941): Certificate of internment at Gurs concentration camp

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Certificate issued by the Sous Prefecture of Oloron that Franz Wrobel was interned in Gurs Camp from October 25 1940 to 4 Aug 1941.

Administrative / Biographical History

Gurs was a major internment camp in France, near Oloron-Sainte-Marie, 80 kilometers from the Spanish border. Established in 1939 to absorb Republican refugees from Spain, Gurs later served as a concentration camp for Jews from France and refugees from other countries. While under the administration of Vichy France (1940-1942) most non-Jewish prisoners were released and approximately 2000 Jews were permitted to emigrate. In 1941 Gurs held some 15,000 prisoners. The camp was controlled by the Germans from 1942 to 1944, during which time several thousand inmates were deported to extermination camps in Poland. An unknown number succeeded in escaping and reaching Spain or hiding in Southern France. Gurs was liberated in the summer of 1944.

Arrangement

N/A

Conditions Governing Access

Open

Acquisition Information

Wrobel family

Other Finding Aids

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue www.wienerlibrary.co.uk

Archivist's Note

Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Conditions Governing Use

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Custodial History

This certificate was generated by the local authority archives which hold details on former Gurs inmates.

Personal Names