Correspondence of Robert Gouger

Scope and Content

The correspondence relate to Gouger's National Colonization Society.

Administrative / Biographical History

Robert Gouger was friends with Robert Owen and through him became interested in social issues. In 1829 he became friendly with Edward Gibbon Wakefield and together they advocated a colonization scheme. Following a time in prison, Gouger, with the aid of Wilmot Horton, set up a scheme for helping paupers emigrate to Australia. This scheme evolved into the National Colonization Society.

In 1835 Gouger became the colonial secretary for the newly formed South Australia. Gouger had a troubled time in Australia and in 1839 took up the less stressful position as colonial treasurer which he held until 1844. In 1844 due to ill health he returned to England. He died in Kensington in 1846.