The collection comprises of correspondence regarding the steam yacht Discovery, expedition ship to Robert Falcon Scott's British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904.
Boy Scouts Association collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Boy Scouts Association
- Dates of Creation1929-1960
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (Circa 100 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The Boy Scout Association was founded in 1907 by Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell. After serving in military campaigns in India and Africa, in 1899 Baden-Powell had written Aids to Scouting, a manual designed to train soldiers as army scouts. On his return from South Africa in 1903, he had been surprised to discover that the manual was popular with boys and teachers. After consultation with Sir William Smith, the founder of the Boy's Brigade, and other leaders of youth groups, he organized a trial camp on Brownsea Island in 1907, selecting boys from varied social classes and dividing them into smaller units or patrols. Based on this experiment, Baden-Powell wrote Scouting for Boys, published in 1908 in six fortnightly parts.
In 1910, he resigned from the army to devote his time to scouting, travelling throughout the British Empire to ensure that the main principles of his scheme were observed. In 1920, the first international rally for scouts [Jamboree] was held in London.
In 1936, the expedition ship of the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 (leader Robert Falcon Scott), Discovery, was given to the Boy Scout Association as a training ship for Sea Scouts and as a memorial to Scott. Due to the high cost of maintenance, the ship was offered unconditionally to the Admiralty in 1953.
Boy Scouts have participated in several polar expeditions, notably with Ernest Henry Shackleton in Quest on the Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition, 1921-1922, and with Richard Evelyn Byrd in the United States Antarctic Expedition, 1928-1930.
The correspondence is arranged chronologically.
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Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Boy Scouts and Discovery Point and Dictionary of National Biography, 1941-1950, with an index covering the years 1901-1950 in one alphabetical series, Oxford University Press, London (1959) and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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