Pugwash Conferences: Papers

Scope and Content

Correspondence, minutes, reports, papers and other items relating to various Pugwash Conferences, accompanied by journals, newsletters, press cuttings and other printed material on related topics.

Administrative / Biographical History

The first Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs was held in 1957 in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, hosted by the philanthropist Cyrus Eaton. It was prompted by a manifesto issued by Bertrand Russell and Albert Einstein in 1955, and signed by other noted figures, which called on scientists to assemble in order to discuss the threat posed by thermonuclear weapons. The first meeting was attended by twenty-two leading scientists from throughout the world. Subsequently, regular meetings were held to discuss how to reduce armed conflict and provide solutions to global problems. Today, there are annual Pugwash Conferences, as well as workshops and symposia, coordinated by a central organisation and its subsidiaries. Those attending are required to do so in a private capacity rather than as the representatives of institutions. In 1995 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Pugwash organisation and its founding member, Professor Joseph Rotblat.

Access Information

Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Acquisition Information

Presented by Professor O.R. Frisch, 4 February 1974.

Other Finding Aids


Archivist's Note

Description compiled by Robert Steiner, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. The history of the Pugwash Conferences was compiled with reference to the Pugwash website (www.pugwash.org/about.htm).

Corporate Names