Pontypool Board of Guardians Records

Scope and Content

Records of Pontypool Poor Law Union, 1836-1930, including Guardians' minute books, 1836-1930; committee minutes, 1877-1930; out letter books, 1873-1922; correspondence, 1842-1929; relief order books, 1878-1930; Relieving Officer's records, 1883-1922; medical records, 1857-1924; registers and returns, 1869-1930; financial records, 1836-1930; workhouse administration records, 1836-1930.

Administrative / Biographical History

Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Pontypool Poor Law Union was formed in 1836 and operated in constituent parishes of Glascoed, Goetre, Gwehelog, Gwernesney, Kemeys Commander, Llanbadoc, Llanddewi Fach, Llandegveth, Llangeview, Llangibby, Llanhilleth, Llanllowel, Llantrisant, Llanvihangel Pontymoel, Llanfrechfa Lower, Llanfrechfa Upper, Mamhilad, Monkswood, Panteg, Pontypool, Trevethin, Trostre and Usk in Monmouthshire. The Union workhouse was built in 1837 in Pontypool. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929. Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Arranged into the following: General administration; Poor relief; Medical; Reports, registers and returns; Finance; Workhouse administration.

Access Information

No restrictions

Acquisition Information

Source not recorded


Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Pontypool Board of Guardians, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (http://users.ox.ac.uk/~peter/workhouse/unions.html), viewed 26 September 2005.

Other Finding Aids

A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Appraisal Information

All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.


Accruals are not expected

Geographical Names