Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland: personal papers (microfiche)

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Personal and family papers, 1900-1939, ranging from First World War army records to correspondence and passports of several hundred Jews, handed over to the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland whilst the individuals were waiting in collection centres, having been rounded up by the Nazis prior to deportation to Eastern Europe. Includes index.

Administrative / Biographical History

The Reischsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Reich Organisation of German Jews) came into being in February 1939 and, as far as its leadership and basic purposes was concerned, was a continuation of its predecessor, the Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland . As a result of the intensification of the Third Reich's anti-semitic policies, its aims were increasingly linked to Jewish survival, and in particular, emigration. It was put under the control of the Ministry of the Interior, in practice the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Security Main Office). It was the only organisation in Germany dealing with Jewish survival until its liquidation in July 1943 when its leaders, Leo Baeck and Paul Eppstein were deported to Theresienstadt.

Arrangement

Alphabetical by family name.

Conditions Governing Access

Open

Acquisition Information

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Other Finding Aids

Wiener Library reading room.

Alternative Form Available

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, USA; Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Microfilm.

Archivist's Note

Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Conditions Governing Use

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Custodial History

Discovered in the basement of the destroyed synagogue at Oranienbuerger Strasse, (former East) Berlin, the records were transferred to the Zentrales Staatsarchiv of the German Democratic Republic in Potsdam. Parts of the main archive were copied and transferred to Yad Vashem, Jerusalem. Now the archive is situated in the Bundesarchiv, Germany.

Related Material

REICHSVEREINIGUNG DER JUDEN IN DEUTSCHLAND AND REICHSVERTRETUNG DER JUDEN IN DEUTSCHLAND: VARIOUS PAPERS, 1937-1950s (ref: 605) and REICHSVERTRETUNG DER JUDEN IN DEUTSCHLAND: CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE COUNCIL FOR GERMAN JEWRY, 1936-1940 (ref:606).

Location of Originals

Bundesarchiv, Germany.

Geographical Names