The Calvary Holiness Church: An outgrowth of itinerant evangelism called ‘trekking,’ the Calvary Holiness Church was founded in 1934 to conserve the converts of four young British evangelists – Maynard G. James, Jack Ford, Leonard Ravenhill, & Clifford Filer – all of whom had worked under the auspices of the International Holiness Mission until tension over willingness to permit ‘tongues-speaking’ [seen as a gifting of the Holy Spirit] in their services led to separation. The new body stopped short of regarding glossolalia as evidence of the baptism of the Holy Spirit; however, they remained in all essentials in the Wesleyan Holiness tradition.
Guided by the founders who occupied permanent seats on the Executive Council, the Calvary Holiness Church was intensely evangelistic, concentrating efforts in industrial areas in the North of England & Wales. Various projects followed close upon organisation. In 1936 The Flame, a paper started by Maynard James the previous year, became the official organ. The next year it sent its first missionaries to Colombia. In 1947 it established the Beech Lawn Bible College. First located at Uppermill, the school moved to Stalybridge, near Manchester, in 1948. Support of these projects (& missionary outreach in Colombia & Pakistan) taxed the resources of the group, leading the Executive Council into talks with the officials of the Church of the Nazarene. A merger was effected at Manchester on 11th June, 1955. At that time the Calvary Holiness Church consisted of 22 congregations & about 600 members in England & Wales.
Because of a pledge not to ‘encourage’ tongues-speaking in public services, six ministers refused to unite. Missionary constituencies were released to other agencies, & The Flame again became independent, serving a unique readership drawn from both Holiness & Pentecostal churches.