Papers of Lord Robert Stevenson Horne, 1871-1940, Viscount Horne of Slamannan, politician and businessman, graduate of the University of Glasgow, Scotland

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The collection consists mainly of articles, speeches and press cuttings relating to Viscount Horne's political and business interests including:

  • personal papers, articles and speeches 1910-1938;
  • presscuttings 1909-1939;
  • congratulatory letters regarding his peerrage 1937;
  • title documents 1896-1933;
  • obituaries 1940;
  • miscellaneous correspondence and presscuttings 1921-1940s;
  • catalogue of Robert Horne's personal library 1940;
  • photographs with various political figures and activities early-mid 20th century.

Administrative / Biographical History

Robert Stevenson Horne was born on 28 February 1871  at Slamannan, Stirling, Scotland, the younger son of the Rev R S Horne, minister of the parish of Slamannan, and Mary, daughter of Thomas Lochhead of Toward, Argyll & Bute, Scotland. He was educated at George Watson's College, Edinburgh, Scotland, and the University of Glasgow , where he studied Arts and Law. He was the John Clark Scholar in Philosophy 1892 and graduated MA with first class honours in Mental Philosophy in 1893. He held the Ewing Fellowship at the University of Glasgow in 1894 and graduated LLB in 1896  . He was elected president of the Glasgow University Conservative Club in 1891 and president of the Glasgow University Students' Representative Council in 1892. In 1895, Horne was appointed lecturer in Philosophy at the University College of North Wales. He was then called to the Scottish Bar and admitted to the Faculty of Advocates in 1896. From 1896-1900  he was an examiner in Philosophy for the University of Aberdeen , Scotland.

In January and December 1910 he stood as Conservative candidate for Stirlingshire, Scotland. During the 1914-1918 World War, he served as a Lieutenant-Colonel with the Royal Engineers, working alongside Sir Eric Campbell Geddes, as Assistant Inspector-General of Transportation in 1917. This was followed by a number of further senior posts, including Director of the Department of Materials & Priority (1917); Director of the Admiralty Labour Department (1918); and Third Civil Lord of the Admiralty (1918). He was elected Unionist MP for the Hillhead division of Glasgow in December 1918, and was immediately appointed to the Cabinet under Lloyd George: he was made Minister of Labour in 1919; President of the Board of Trade in 1920-1921; and Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1921and 1922. However, in 1922, he did not accept office in the new administration of Bonar Law because of his loyalty to Lloyd George and thereafter remained a backbencher until 1937  , when he was granted a peerage, becoming Viscount Horne of Slamannan. On his resignation from the Cabinet he became involved once more in the City, and held directorships of the Suez Canal Co Ltd, the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co Ltd, Lloyds Bank, and the Commercial Union Assurance Co. In 1934, he became Chairman of the Great Western Railway Co. A number of honours were conferred on him, including: the Freedom of the City of Edinburgh; KBE in 1918; and GBE in 1920. He was Lord Rector of the University of Aberdeen between 1921 and 1924 and was conferred honorary degrees from the Universities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, and Birmingham. Lord Robert Stevenson Horne died at Farnham, Surrey, England on 3 September 1940  .

Arrangement

The arrangement of this material reflects the original order in which it was received

Conditions Governing Access

Open

Acquisition Information

Permanent Loan : family member : May 1981 : ACCN 0262

Other Finding Aids

Digital file level list available in searchroom

Alternative Form Available

No known copies

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

None which affect the use of this material

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Archivist.

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents

Appraisal Information

This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 0248 procedures

Custodial History

The collection remained with the family until it was deposited in Glasgow University Archives by Viscount Horne's niece. It was believed at that time that many original papers were destroyed.

Accruals

None expected

Related Material

See source list on Political and Labour History Correspondence with Lord Beaverbrook 1911-1940 (BBK C/178) House of Lords Record Office: the Parliamentary Archives (GB 0061); Correspondence with David Lloyd George etc 1922-1935 (vols. 2/F 4/G) House of Lords record Office: the Parliamentary Archives (GB 0061); Correspondence (27 items) with Andrew Bonar Law 1914-1922 (Bonar Law papers) House of Lords Record Office: the Parliamentary Archives (GB 0061); Letters to Lord Beaverbrook 1922-1940 (Acc 8214) National library of Scotland, Manuscripts Division (GB 0233); Correspondence with the 17th Earl of Derby 1923 (920DER) Liverpool Record Office and Local History Service (GB 0138); Correspondence with Lord Elibank 1927-1932 (GD32) National Archives of Scotland (GB 0234). For contact details of all repositories with a GB code, search the indexes of the National Register of Archives , at the Historical Manuscripts Commission.

Location of Originals

This material is original

Bibliography

No known publications using this material

Additional Information

Description compiled in line with the following international standards: International Council on Archives,ISAD(G) Second Edition, September 1999 and National Council on Archives,Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names

Scotland is the location of all place names in the administrative/biographical history element, unless otherwise stated.

Fonds level description compiled by Moira MacKay, Assistant Archivist, research by Virginia Russell, Archives Assistant, 01 September 1997.