- Administrative records;
- Shareholders' records;
- Accounting records;
- Production records;
- Plant and machinery;
- Staff records;
- Tax records;
- Property records.
Champdany Jute Co Ltd, textile merchants and manufacturers, Glasgow, Scotland, was formed in 1873 by Sir John Muir, senior partner of James Finlay & Co Ltd, textile manufacturers, tea planters and merchants, Glasgow. The company had two spinning and weaving mills, Champdany Mill, Bengal, India, and the Wellington Mill, Bengal, India, that was acquired in 1881 , which together employed up to 5000 workers manufacturing jute, flax, hemp, and other fibrous materials. Its initial directors were: Sir John Muir, senior partner of James Finlay & Co Ltd; James Luke, jute manufacturer; George Burnett, merchant; Thomas Frame, merchant; Anthony Hannay, merchant; Andrew Brown Murray, merchant; Thomas Watson, Turkey-red dyer. Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd, agents, and merchants, Glasgow, acted as the company's agents in India. Champdany Jute Mill was a joint stock company with limited liability. The minority shareholders became disgruntled over the lack of a regular dividend, which James Finlay & Co Ltd stated was due to the risk involved when investing in India. Finlay's concern was with the long-term survival of its interests, not short-term profitability at any cost. Accusations were made that James Finlay & Co Ltd were unduly subordinating the interests of minority shareholders. This led in 1886 to court action and the establishment in 1897 of the Champdany Share Trust to protect the interests of minority shareholders. There was a program of modernisation carried out in the late 1930s on the two mills. The electrification of Champdany Mill was completed in 1940 at a cost of £50,000, just in time to avoid an acute shortage of coal in India. During the First World War both mills manufactured large quantities of sandbags. Both mills were also engaged extensively on war work during the Second World War for the British and Indian governments. They produced large quantities of standard cloth, and special fabrics for the subsequent manufacture of tents, camouflage materials, and parachute containers. At Champdeny Mill a special plant was erected in order to produce a bituminous covered sacking fabric used extensively for aircraft landing fields in forward areas, such as Burma. Champdany Jute Mill was a joint stock company with limited liability. The minority shareholders became disgruntled over the lack of a regular dividend which James Finlay & Co stated was due to the risk involved when investing in India. Finlays' concern was with the long-term survival of its interests, not short-term profitability at any cost. Accusations were made that James Finlay & Co were unduly subordinating the interests of minority shareholders, and this led to court action and the establishment of the Champdany Share Trust.
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Description compiled in line with the following international standards: International Council on Archives, ISAD(G) Second Edition, September 1999and National Council on Archives, Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names
Scotland is the location of all place names in the administrative/biographical history element, unless otherwise stated.
Collection catalogued by members of Glasgow University Archive Services staff. Catalogue converted to Encoded Archival Description by Michelle Kaye, Archives Assistant (Cataloguing), May 2012. Additional material catalogued and converted into Encoded Archival Description by Peter Morphew, Cataloguing Archivist, January 2016.