Papers concerning Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI), 1964-1967; comprising copy of the Proclamation of Independence, Nov 1965; letters regarding sanctions, and democracy in Rhodesia; message from the Prime Minister of Rhodesia (Ian Smith) to the African people of Rhodesia regarding independence; press cuttings, mainly from the Rhodesia Herald , Nationalist , The Observer (London) and the Sunday Times (London).
Rhodesia: Unilateral Declaration of Independence
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 101 ICS 83
- Dates of Creation1964-1967
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical Description1 box
- Direct Link
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
British settlement in the area began in the 1830s, and Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company assumed control in the 1890s. Britain took over administration from the Company in 1923 and granted self-government to white colonists. Southern Rhodesia federated in 1953 with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland with a view to achieving independence as a unified country. The Federation dissolved in 1963, and the three constituent countries pursued separate paths to independence. Britain rejected independence for the white Southern Rhodesia regime in 1964, and the government unilaterally declared independence (UDI) in 1965 as Rhodesia. British colonial rule was briefly reimposed in 1979 in order to achieve a settlement, and independence was granted in 1980 under black majority rule as Zimbabwe.
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The source of acquisition by ICS is not known.
Other Finding Aids
Catalogued to item level (see link to repository catalogue).
Compiled by Alan Kucia as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project.
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