Mid Glamorgan Rivers Catchment Board, Records

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The collection consists of minutes, reports, accounts and correspondence. No minutes have survived in this collection for the period before 1940.

Administrative / Biographical History

The Land Drainage Act of 1930 provided for the creation of Rivers Catchment Boards, which had powers to carry out land drainage works related to the main rivers in the area they covered. The Act also provided for the setting up of Internal Drainage Boards, each covering part of the Catchment Board area, which were to be responsible for tributaries of main rivers and other waterways. Rivers Catchment Boards could not raise funds directly, but could precept (request funds from) the county and county borough councils in their area, and could also precept the Internal Drainage Boards, which did have powers to raise a special rate in the more limited area which they covered. Under previous legislation, County Councils and local Drainage Boards had been responsible for land drainage, and this responsibility continued in part after the 1930 Act. The situation was further complicated by the facts that Rivers Catchment Boards could, if they wished, take over the functions of Internal Drainage Boards, and that County Councils could act as Internal Drainage Boards. The relationship between County Councils and Rivers Catchment Boards could therefore in practice be very close.

In Glamorgan, the River Thaw Drainage Board had already been set up in 1923, and its powers and responsibilities had been taken over by the Glamorgan County Council in 1930. The River Thaw Catchment Board was set up in September 1931, and took over from the River Thaw Drainage Board powers in connection with the main river only. The River Thaw Catchment Board was dissolved in early 1933, and its powers and responsibilities passed to the Mid Glamorgan Rivers Catchment Board, which was set up in late 1932. This Board covered the Rivers Thaw and Kenson, Ogmore and Ewenny, Cadoxton (with Sully), Avon and Neath. It was initially proposed to set up a number of Internal Drainage Boards within the area covered by the Catchment Board (in addition to the already existing Thaw Drainage Board); however, only two were established: Cadoxton, and Baglan and Aberavon Moors. These two Boards were administered by the Catchment Board, while the Thaw Drainage Board remained the responsibility of the Glamorgan County Council. Most of the members of the Mid Glamorgan Rivers Catchment Board were appointed by the Glamorgan County Council; the rest were appointed by the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. The Mid Glamorgan Rivers Catchment Board was succeeded by the Glamorgan River Board in 1951.

Conditions Governing Access

Items containing information on named individuals may be restricted in accordance with the Data Protection Act and GA policy.

Archivist's Note

Compiled by [INSERT NAME] for Glamorgan Archives, with reference to [NAME ANY PUBLICATIONS USED].