Scope and Content

Diary of a British official stationed in Calabar, Nigeria, May 1899 -December 1900.

Administrative / Biographical History

At the Conference of Berlin (1884 - 1885), representatives from all theEuropean nations, the United States and the Ottoman Empire met at theinvitation of the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815 - 1898) to settlethe problems connected with European colonies in Africa. Great Britain wasable to claim south Nigeria at the Conference of Berlin (see Berlin,Conference of) held in 1884 - 85.

In the following years, the British established their rule in south westNigeria, partly by signing treaties (as in the Lagos hinterland) and partlyby using force (as at Benin in 1897). In 1886 Sir George Goldie (1846 - 1925)established the Royal Niger Company to administer the Niger river and northNigeria. Goldie's firm was given (1886) a British royal charter, as the RoyalNiger Company, to administer the Niger river and north Nigeria. In 1900 theRoyal Niger Company's charter was revoked and British forces under FrederickLugard began to conquer the north, taking Sokoto in 1903. By 1906, Britaincontrolled Nigeria, which was divided into the Colony (i.e. Lagos) andProtectorate of southern Nigeria and the Protectorate of northern Nigeria. In1914 the two regions were amalgamated and the Colony and Protectorate ofNigeria was established.


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