Records of Hugh Baird & Sons Ltd, brewers and maltsters, Glasgow, Scotland

Scope and Content

  • Prospectus 1894;
  • Invoice 1860;
  • Diary 1979;
  • Framed caricatures of Allied Brewery Trade Association annual banquet 1953;
  • Photograph of Baird's Stout advertising jug dated 1890s;
  • Family papers 1953;
  • Historical notes 1869-2000.

Administrative / Biographical History

Hugh Baird & Sons Ltd, brewers and maltsters in  Glasgow, Scotland, derived from  Hugh Baird & Co of  Great Canal Brewery.  Hugh Baird snr founded Great Canal Brewery in  Possil Road (his first brewery), in 1823. He retired from the brewing side of the business in the late 1850s in order to concentrate on malting at his Springbank works, situated on the  Forth and Clyde Canal, Garscube Road. It was not until 1863 that his eldest son  Hugh Baird jnr joined the company, followed by Hugh jnr's brother  Montague Baird, in 1870. When Hugh Baird snr finally retired from all aspects of the business in 1878 his two sons became sole partners. Various members of the family continued to rank amongst the company's Directors well into the 1940s and Montague Baird went on to become the president of the  Institute of Brewing from 1906-1907.

By 1889 the company owned four works; the  Great Canal Brewery and Maltings,  Rock Villa Maltings,  Petershill Maltings at  Springburn, and a Roasting Works on top of  Hundred Acre Hill.

In 1894  Hugh Baird & Sons became a limited liability company. In 1907 the company took over the well established firm of maltsters,  Corder & Haycraft, based in  Greenwich, London. This became the Company's English base for many years until they moved to a new mechanical plant at  Witham in Essex in the 1960s. In 1939 the company consolidated with  Charles & Co (Leith), the latter becoming a subsidiary company of the former. And by 1947  Thomas Bernard & Co became a subsidiary company by the same process of consolidation.

In 1946 Hugh Baird & Sons Ltd owned the  Springbank County Malting and  Newside Malting in  Garscube Road, Glasgow, the  Vulcan Malting at  Vintner Street, Port Dundas, and the  Electric Malting and Roasting House in  Glasgow. The Roasting House was destroyed by fire in the 1950s, and was rebuilt, and fully modernized, operating up until 1966. In 1964 the company opened the  Pencaitland plant in  East Lothian. All floor maltings were subsequently closed, the Glasgow workings closing in 1966.

The mechanical malting plants of Pencaitland and  Witham remain operating to this day.

Source:  Barnard, Alfred. Noted Breweries of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 2 (London: Joseph Causton & Sons, c1889)


The material is arranged according to the Scottish Brewing Archive classification scheme used within all SBA collections.

Conditions Governing Access


Acquisition Information

Deposited principally by John Hutcheson


History re consolidation of companies to be confirmed. It appears that the company continued to brew at the Great Canal Brewery into the 1940s - awaiting confirmation.

Other Finding Aids

File level list available in searchroom

Alternative Form Available

No known copies

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Archivist

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use & condition of documents

Appraisal Information

This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 0248 procedures

Custodial History

The collection was previously stored with the rest of the Scottish Brewing Archive at Heriot-Watt University. It moved to the University of Glasgow in 1991. Custody of the Scottish Brewing Archive was transferred to Glasgow University Archive Services in 2008.


None expected

Related Material

GB 248 UGD 109: Records of Deloitte & Co, chartered accountants, Glasgow, Scotland; records UGD 109/6/1 and UGD 109/6/2 (Glasgow University Archive & Business Records Centre)

Location of Originals

This material is original


No known publications using this material

Additional Information

Fonds level description compiled by Natalie Milne, Archive Assistant (Hub), 30 October 2001. Catalogue converted to Encoded Archival Description, 8 June 2005. Revised by Wiebke Redlich, Archive Assistant (Hub), 22 January 2002; Emma Yan, Assistant Archivist, 05 December 2008, and Michelle Kaye, Archives Assistant, 04 May 2012.

Geographical Names