Records of Islay Distillery Co Ltd, whisky distillers, Islay, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 248 UGD 217/1/1
- Dates of Creation1882-1887
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish
- Physical Description0.2 metres
- Direct Link
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Islay Distillery Co was established to construct a new distillery in the Sound of Islay, Argyll & Bute, Scotland. The partners of this new company were James Ford of William Ford & Sons, tea, wine and spirit merchants of Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland; James Watson Greenlees, a partner in McMurchy & Ralston of Campbeltown, Argyll & Bute, and William A Robertson of Robertson & Baxter, wholesale whisky merchants, Glasgow. Land was purchased in 1880 , and construction commenced of the Bunnahabhain distillery the following year with projected production volume of 200,000 gallons a year.
In 1882 , the company was incorporated as Islay Distillery Co Ltd with a share capital of £32,000. During 1882, the Bunnahabhain distillery opened, though full production was not achieved until January 1883. The directors of the Islay Distillery Co Ltd decided to sell their whisky wholesale only, principally for blending and Robertson & Baxter were appointed as their agents for its sale. Initially, Islay Distillery Co Ltd was very profitable, however, the success of the first eighteen months was not sustained during 1886-1887 . These years saw a depression of the economy as a whole, which effected the whisky industry and as a consequence the Islay Distillery Co Ltd saw its production slashed and its profits more than halved.
In 1887 , with reduced profits and in the face of competition from other distillers, the company decided to amalgamate their business with William Grant & Co, owners of the Glenrothes distillery, Rothes, Moray, Scotland, to form the Highland Distilleries Co Ltd. Despite the change of ownership there was little change in the day to day running of the Bunnahabhain distillery. The whisky continued to be used almost entirely for blending. In 1930, the decision was taken to close Bunnahabhain as the recession deepened and unemployment accelerated within all industries but reopened in 1937. In 1963, a second pair of stills were added and it continued to produce whisky for blending, mainly in for the Famous Grouse and Black Bottle blends, until the late 1970s when the 12-year-old single malt whisky was launched under the Bunnahabhain brand. In 2003, the distillery was still producing as a part of Highland Distillers Group Ltd, the successor company to Highland Distilleries Co Ltd.
Source: Moss, Michael, Quality in a Century of Uncertainty - A Hundred Years of Highland Distillers Co Ltd, (unpublished manuscript, UGD 358-1-1-11)
The arrangement of this material reflects the original order in which it was received
Conditions Governing Access
Deposit : via BACS Surveying Officer : Highland Distillers Co plc : May 1986 : ACCN 0069
Other Finding Aids
Digital file level list available in searchroom. The archives forms part of the Highland Distillers Co plc finding aid (UGD 217)
Manual file level list available at the National Registers of Archives in Edinburgh (NRA(S) 2119, 2750 which partly replaces 2119, 1013 & 1264) and London (NRA 23496)
Alternative Form Available
No known copies
Fonds level description compiled by David Powell, Hub Project Archivist, 09 April 2003.
Conditions Governing Use
Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Archivist.
Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents
This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 248 procedures
Held by Highland Distilleries Co plc
Location of Originals
This material is original
No known publications using this material