Lockhart, William

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The collection comprises transcripts of 170 letters (1805-1904) to and from William Lockhart and his family . The majority of the letters date from the period 1833-1834 when he was studying in Dublin and London, and 1841-1844 when he first arrived in China. Also included is a typescript biography by A.P. Hughes Dr William Lockhart 1811-1896, medical missionary to China.

Administrative / Biographical History

William Lockhart was born 3 October 1811 in Liverpool. Joining the London Missionary Society, he was appointed medical missionary to Canton and sailed 31 July 1838. In 1839 he left Canton to set up a hospital in Macao. Following an arrangement with American missionaries he left Macao for Chusan and reached Tinghae on 13 September 1840. The following year he returned to Macao and married Catherine Parkes. In 1842 he went to Hong Kong then to Chusan and in 1843 arrived at Shanghai and opened a hospital along with Dr. Medhurst. Following a trip home to England, Lockhart visited Peking and from 1861-1864 worked there. He returned to England permanently in 1864 and retired in 1867. He was elected Chairman of the Board of Directors of the London Missionary Society from 1869-70. In 1892 he presented his library to the London Missionary Society. He died on 29 April 1896.


The letters are arranged in chronological order.

Conditions Governing Access


Acquisition Information

Donated in 1995.

Other Finding Aids

Unpublished handlist

Separated Material

Associated Material held elsewhere: Chinese material is held at the National Library of Australia.

Conditions Governing Use

No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance

Related Material

Related Collections at SOAS: Council for World Mission Archive and Library; Most of Lockhart's Library is held at SOAS, as part of the Council for World Mission Library [ref. CWML]