The Harkness material includes correspondence with Sir Charles Lyell, 1855-1873, letters to Sir Archibald Geikie, 1872-1877, and papers on the geology of the Wexford and Cromer forest beds, 1873.
Papers of Professor Robert Harkness (1816-1878)
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- ReferenceGB 237 Coll-327
- Dates of Creation1855-1877
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical Descriptioncirca 40 letters.
- LocationGen. 111; Gen. 524
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The geologist Robert Harkness was born in Ormskirk, Lancashire, on 28 July 1816. He was educated in Dumfries and at Edinburgh University, 1833-1834, after which he continued his scientific studies in Ormskirk. His first paper was read before the Manchester Geological Society in April 1843, and was entitled The climate of the coal epoch. In 1848 Harkness and his father moved to Dumfries and his subsequent papers on the geology and fossils of south-western Scotland built his reputation as a geologist. In 1853 he was appointed Professor of Geology at Queen's College, Cork. In 1854 he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and in 1856 Fellow of the Royal Society of London. When Harkness was required to add physical geography, zoology, botany, and mineralogy to his curriculum in 1876, his health broke down. Professor Robert Harkness died on 5 October 1878 just after resigning his Chair.
Generally open for consultation to bona fide researchers, but please contact repository for details in advance.
Material within Geikie correspondence, transferred from Geology Dept. December 1960, Accession no. E60.33.
The biographical/administrative history was compiled using the following material: (1) Stephen Leslie. and Lee, Sidney (eds.). Dictionary of national biography. Vol.8. Glover-Harriott. London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1908.
Compiled by Graeme D Eddie, Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections Division.
Other Finding Aids
Important finding aids generally are: the alphabetical Index to Manuscripts held at Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections and Archives, consisting of typed slips in sheaf binders and to which additions were made until 1987; and the Index to Accessions Since 1987.