Bagh-wa-Bahar: folk tales of the four dervishes, by Mir Amman

Scope and Content


Garden and Spring or folk tales of the four dervishes, by Mir Amman. Illuminated, with 'unwan in gold, margins in gold and ornamented throughout. Original written under the superintendance of Dr GB Gilchrist who was originally from Edinburgh, at the Fort William College, Calcutta, a language training centre for British colonial officials, completed in AH1217/AD1802-3. Copied by Shaikh Kallan and Abdur-Rahim, by order of Nawali Haidar 'Ali, Khan of Rampur. Dated AH1304/AD1886-7. Written in Nasta 'liq.

Foliated as mss.Urdu 2, 23 October 1970.

Administrative / Biographical History

Mir Amman was an Indian writer, born in Delhi who worked for the Fort William College in Calcutta, writing graceful Urdu prose. His Bagh-wa-Bahar was extensively used as a text-book for those learning Urdu, especially those coming out to India to join the British colonial administration, and contributed to the development of a more simple, natural style in Urdu literature.


Single item

Access Information

By appointment with the Keeper of Manuscripts. Access to records containing confidential information may be restricted.


Call number used to be mss Urdu 2.

Other Finding Aids

Individual Manuscripts and Small Collections database available as part of Manuscripts Database.

Archivist's Note

Description compiled by Maia Sheridan, Archives Hub project archivist, based on material from the Manuscripts Database.

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Keeper of Manuscripts. Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents.