Volume of 83 collected documents, 1887-1902, comprising notes, reports, memoranda and dispatches, relating to the Habab and related societies of the Red Sea littoral, Italian colonisation, and colonial administration during the period of Italian rule of Eritrea.
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 102 MS 380714
- Dates of Creation1887 - 1902
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialItalian
- Physical Description1 volume
- Direct Link
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
In the late 19th century European powers including Italy sought to extend their influence in East Africa. Italy extended its influence sufficiently to proclaim the colony of Eritrea in the 1880s. Dispute over the meaning of a treaty signed by Menelik II (d 1913) of Ethiopia with Italy (1889), whereby Italy claimed it had been given a protectorate over Ethiopia, led to an Italian invasion in 1895 which resulted in Italy being defeated. Under the Treaty of Addis Ababa (1896) Italy recognized the independence of Ethiopia, but retained its Eritrean colonial base.
Nafka is a town in north-western Eritrea, a commercial centre of the Habab people and the site of an Italian Residenza.
Conditions Governing Access
Closed pending conservation. Readers should use the published version.
Deposited in SOAS Library by Anthony D'Avray in May 2000
Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements
Requires conservation before material is opened. Paper is fragile, and has sellotape attached.
Conditions Governing Use
Not permitted during closure.
The documents appear to have been collected together and bound into a volume by an unidentified Italian officer. They were located by Anthony D'Avray in 1943 in the archives of the Italian Residenti of the Nafka district (the last of whom had left his post following Italian defeat in 1941).