Antoni Dobrowolski collection

Scope and Content

The collection comprises of correspondence by Dobrowolski to the geographer and meteorologist Hugh Robert Mill.

Administrative / Biographical History

Antoni Boleslaw Dobrowolski was born in 1872 in Poland. He was educated in physical sciences at the universities of Zrich and Lige. In 1897, he joined the Belgian Antarctic Expedition, 1897-1899 (leader Adrien de Gerlache de Gomery), as assistant meteorologist. During the southern winter of 1898, he made a special study of the formation and movement of clouds formations and of the different forms of snow and ice in the atmosphere, publishing his results in 1903. His observations of clouds became the basis of the international system of classification of clouds. He served as professor of meteorology at the University of Warsaw and director of the Polish National Meteorological Institute, publishing extensively during his academic career including works on the history of polar exploration and the natural history of ice. Dobrowolski Island, close to Anvers Island, Palmer Archipelago, is named for him. He died on 27 April 1954 at Warsaw, Poland.

Published work Historja naturalna lodu (Polish) by Antoni Dobrowolski, Palac Staszica Warsaw (1923) SPRI Library Shelf 551.32 Wyprawy polarne. Historja i zdobycze naukowe (Polish) by Antoni Dobrowolski, Naklad Henryka Lindenfelda Warsaw (1914) SPRI Library Shelf (2)91(091)[pub.1914] Moj zyciorys naukowy (Polish) by Antoni Dobrowolski, Zaclad Narodowy Imienia Ossolinskich-Wydawnictwo Wroclaw (1958) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Dobrowolski, A.B.]


The correspondence with Mill is arranged chronologically

Access Information

By appointment.

Some materials deposited at the Institute are NOT owned by the Institute. In such cases the archivist will advise about any requirements imposed by the owner. These may include seeking permission to read, extended closure, or other specific conditions.


Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.

The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.

Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to The Polar Record volume 7 number 49 January 1955 p343 and Journal of Glaciology volume 2 number 16 1954 p441 and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7) and Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events by Robert Keith Headland, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034

Other Finding Aids

Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.

Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.

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Further accessions possible