Samnuggur Jute Factory Co Ltd

Scope and Content

Minutes 1874-1976; shareholding records 1912-1966; ledgers 1933-1959; cash books 1935-1966; journal 1924-1975; balance sheets 1919-1976; annual reports 1904-1958; memoranda and articles of association 1874-1976; employees' records 1913-1950; order books 1926-1964; specifications; quotations and price lists 1874-c.1900; plans c.1874-1977 and technical drawings 1874-1896.

Administrative / Biographical History

This Calcutta-based company was floated in 1873 by Thomas Duff (previously manager of the Borneo Co) in conjunction with the brothers Alexander and James Nicoll and Joseph Johnston Barrie. Managed by William Smith (previously of Cox Brothers, Lochee) working for the agents, Messrs Schoene Kilburn & Co, the Samnuggur Jute Factory Co was particularly successful at a time (c.1875) when other Calcutta mills languished or failed, and proved the ability of the Calcutta mills to compete with Dundee for the American and Australian markets.

In 1883 the firm of Thomas Duff was incorporated as a limited company and took over the agency. An additional mill was built in 1901 on the opposite (north) bank of the River Hooghly at Bhaddressar. In 1972 a workshop was set up at Samnuggur [North] to produce components for mill machinery in the 'Duff' group. Samnuggur Jute Factory Co Ltd merged with Victoria Jute Factory Co Ltd and Titaghur Jute Factory Co Ltd in 1969, with the latter as the parent company and the Angus Company Ltd as a subsidiary of the group. In 1976 changes to the articles of association were adopted, reorganising the capital of the Company and transferring its residence to India, effectively passing management and control of the Company from Dundee to Calcutta.


Records are arranged chronologically within series.

Access Information

Open for consultation subject to preservation requirements. Access must also conform to the restrictions of the Data Protection Act and any other appropriate legislation.

Acquisition Information

The records were deposited by A & S Henry & Co Ltd 1984-1993 (AccM/207, AccM/245, AccM/293).

Other Finding Aids

Descriptive list. Subject source lists and databases are also available.

Alternative Form Available

No known copies.

Conditions Governing Use

Reproduction is available subject to preservation requirements. Charges are made for this service, and copyright and other restrictions may apply.


None expected.

Related Material

MS 86/V Thomas Duff & Co Ltd

MS 86/XXVI Miscellaneous Photographs

Additional Information

The material is original.

Geographical Names