Pearson & Cox collection

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The collection is comprised of seven series:

  • [1] Business papers
  • [2] Legal papers
  • [3] Sales and promotional material
  • [4] News clippings
  • [5] Publications
  • [6] Personal papers
  • [7] Images

It includes papers relating to the businesses Pearson & Cox Limited and Temple Cox Research Company Limited, as well as various personal papers relating to Percy Cox.

Administrative / Biographical History

Percy Cox was born in Gresham, Norfolk in 1879, and trained as an engineer in London. He was an apprentice alongside Henry Pearson at the General Engine and Boiler Company in Pomeroy Street, Bermondsey. It was there that he met his wife, Nellie Louise Wheelwright, the sister of another apprentice. They married in 1906.

Cox and Pearson went into business, and worked together between 1906 and 1916 to produce steam cars and motorcycles, selling their first steam bicycle in 1912. Business ceased after the development of petrol engines during World War I and after Henry Pearson's death during the War. Cox then moved on to other ventures, going into business with Robert Temple. Together they developed a humane slaughtering device, the stun gun. After Temple's death, Cox went into business with his son Morris ("Tim") and daughter Dora, developing the Cox Submarine Gun in time for World War II.

Percy Cox died in Keston, Kent on 08 Aug 1942, aged 63. Nellie Cox died in the early 1950s.

Conditions Governing Access

Open to researchers, by appointment. For further information, please see: nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Motoring_research_service

Conditions Governing Use

Please apply to the Archivist if you would like to make any copy of the material.

Custodial History

The collection was donated by David J Ward, 21 Jul 1999. Mr Ward is the nephew of Percy Cox's daughter, Dora Lowman.

Related Material

The Science Museum has a Pearson and Cox 3h.p. steam bicycle (1912) in its Road Transport collection (see also Image 10221434 in the Science & Society Picture Library).