- Partnership records;
- Administrative records;
- Accounting records;
- Staff records;
- History of Finlay, Muir & Co, Calcutta.
Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd, agents, and merchants, Calcutta, India, were formed in 1870 as a subsidiary of James Finlay & Co Ltd, textile manufacturers, tea planters, and merchants, Glasgow, Scotland. The success of Finlay, Clarke & Co, cotton and textile merchants, Bombay, India, encouraged James Finlay & Co Ltd to expand and open the branch in Calcutta, consolidating the two branches under the name Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd. Initially, the company concentrated on the trade of imported piece goods, with some investments in insurance and steel. After a hesitant start the company prospered and in 1872 became a member of the Bengal Chamber of Commerce. Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd began to trade in a number of products, such as rice, yarn, silk, and jute, as well as investing in shipping. In 1879 they became the representatives in Calcutta of the Clan Line steam-ships, who in the 1880s began to play a prominent part in the sea-going trade of India. By the late 1880s the company had added hemp, cotton, tobacco, rape-seed, linseed, saltpetre, sugar, castor oil, poppy-seed, shellac, hides, indigo, and ginger to the growing list of products it traded in. The company also began taking an interest in tea, and various tea estates came under their agency, most notably the four companies known as the Finlay group: Consolidated Tea & Lands Co Ltd, tea planters, Edinburgh, Scotland, Amalgamated Tea Estates Co Ltd, tea planters, Glasgow, Scotland, Kanan Devan Hills Produce Co Ltd, tea planters, Glasgow, Scotland, and Anglo-American Direct Tea Trading Co Ltd, tea planters, Edinburgh, Scotland. The shipping of tea to London, Australia, New Zealand, and the Americas became the backbone of Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd, and continued to be so well into the post-war period. In 1892 , Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd were appointed agents in Calcutta for the Bengal Dooars Railway Co, which served an important group of estates in the Dooars, India. The company held this appointment for nearly 50 years until the railway was nationalised. Finlay, Muir & Co Ltd was still trading in 1964 .
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Description compiled in line with the following international standards: International Council on Archives, ISAD(G) Second Edition, September 1999and National Council on Archives, Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names
Scotland is the location of all place names in the administrative/biographical history element, unless otherwise stated.
Collection catalogued by members of Glasgow University Archive Services staff. Catalogue converted to Encoded Archival Description by Michelle Kaye, Archives Assistant (Cataloguing), May 2012. Additional material catalogued and converted into Encoded Archival Description by Peter Morphew, Cataloguing Archivist, January 2016.