File: New observatory, Japan

Scope and Content

Papers from a folder labelled 'New observatory, Japan'. Papers relate to ZK's involvement in the development of the new Kwasan Observatory, University of Kyoto, Japan.

In 1929, the astronomers in faculty of science of Kyoto University built the first astronomical observatory at the summit of Mt. Kwasan, Kyoto-city. Kyoto city was rapidly developed soon after and the environment of the sky was detrimentally affected due to light pollution. Plans for the establishment of the new observatory began in 1961. In 1968, the observatory was built at Kamitakara-village, Gihu-pref. using instruments that had formerly been used at Kwasan Observatory and Mt. Ikoma Solar Observatory. In 1972, the 65 cm refractors telescope (the largest refractors in Asia) was established. In 1979, the Domeless Solar Telescope (DST) was completed - a multiple solar telescope with the highest capability in Japan.

Material includes: report 'Financial Program for Establishing A New Observatory of Planetary Physics'; photographs, drawings, diagrams and plans, and (United States Air Force) USAF Pilotage Charts of the Kanazawa and Matsumoto areas.